Hebrews 1:1 God, having long ago [during the theocentric dispensations
of the Gentiles and Israel] spoken in many parts [OT books] and in various ways [illustrations, examples, promises, threats,
types] to the fathers [patriarchs] by the prophets,
Hebrews 1:2 Has in the last of these days [dispensations of
the Hypostatic Union and the Church Age] spoken to us in the Son [Jesus Christ as Prophet], Whom He [the Father] appointed
Heir over all things [heaven and earth: angels, mankind, and the rest of creation], through Whom [Jesus Christ as focal point
of creation and history] He [the Father] also produced the ages [dispensations],
1:3 Who [as the Son of God] being the reflection of His [the Father’s] glory [deity] and the exact representation of
His divine essence [humanity of Christ in hypostatic union], and upholding all things [including the so-called “laws
of nature”] by the verbal expression of His inherent power [absolute sovereignty], after He had finished making purification
[Jesus Christ as High Priest] for our [the elect only] sins [not just the imputed sin of Adam], sat down at the right hand
side [session: Jesus Christ as King] of the Majesty on high [the Father].
Hebrews 1:4 By so much [His
perseverance in suffering and obedience unto death, resulting in His victorious ascension and session], He became higher in
rank over the angels [both elect and fallen], so much so that He obtained [inheritance-salvation] a more excellent name [reputation]
Hebrews 1:5 For instance, to which of His [elect] angels did
He [the Father] ever say: “You are My Son [eternal sonship], this day [virgin birth] I have begotten You [Jesus was
born, not created like the angels]?” And again, “I will be as a Father [authority] to Him, and He [Jesus Christ]
will be as a Son [obedience] to Me?”
Hebrews 1:6 Moreover, when He again [at the 2nd advent] brings
His firstborn One [primogeniture of Jesus Christ] to the inhabited earth, He [the Father] will say, “Now, all the angels
of God [the elect ones] will worship Him.”
Hebrews 1:7 Moreover, on the one hand [pointing to His Son],
He [the Father] said facing the angels: “The One [Jesus Christ] who made His angels, spirits [their invisible, immaterial
being], and His angelic ministers, a flame of fire [their function as servants],”
1:8 And on the other hand, facing the Son: “Your throne, Oh God [deity of Christ], will be from the age [Millennial]
to the age [Perfect or Fulness of Times], and the sceptre [staff] of divine establishment [perfect standards] will be the
sceptre of Your kingdom [His earthly kingdom extends from the beginning of the Millennium to the end of the Perfect Age].”
1:9 “You [Jesus Christ] have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness, therefore God [the Father] has anointed You
[Jesus Christ as Prophet, Priest, and King] with the ceremonial oil of super-happiness [triumphant exultation] above Your
partakers [elect angels and mature believers sharing in His glory].”
1:10 Moreover, Lord [Jesus Christ is called Lord by the Father for the benefit of the angels], “You, with reference
to the beginnings, laid the foundation of the earth; even the heavens are the production of Your hands;”
1:11 “They themselves [the heavens] will perish [being incorruptible], but You [Jesus Christ] will continue permanently
[being incorruptible]; in fact, they all [the heavens] will become obsolete [old and relatively useless] like a garment,”
1:12 “And like a cloak You [Jesus Christ] will fold them [the heavens] up [at the end of the millennium], just as a
garment is also repeatedly exchanged; but You [Jesus Christ] will continue to be the same [immutability] and Your years [lifespan]
will never come to an end [eternal life].”
Hebrews 1:13 Moreover, to which of the angels did He [the
Father] at any time say face-to-face: “Sit down at My right hand side [session] while I place Your enemies [Satan, fallen
angels, demonic host, unbelievers] a footstool [sign of conquest] for Your feet [reward for the travail of Your soul]?”
1:14 Are they not all [elect angels only] ministering spirits [invisible, immaterial nature of angels], being sent on a divine
mission for the purpose of ministering [faithful service to mankind wherever God appoints them to go], for the benefit of
those [winner believers] who are about to inherit salvation [victorious participation with Christ in his future kingdom rule
as a reward for their obedience on earth]?
Hebrews 2:1 Because of this [if we want the assistance of
ministering angels], we must ourselves [Paul included] pay particular attention to the things [Bible doctrines] which we have
heard, so we [winner believers] won’t drift off course [become distracted from the spiritual life by Satan’s cosmic
Hebrews 2:2 For if the doctrine [Mosaic Law] which was spoken through the
angels became certain [legally binding], and each transgression [violation of the law] and disobedience [unwillingness to
be taught] received a deserved penalty [just retribution],
Hebrews 2:3 By what means
shall we escape [avoid divine discipline], having disregarded [neglected] so mighty a salvation, which [inheritance-salvation],
having been received in the beginning through the spoken words of the Lord [during the dispensation of the Hypostatic Union],
has been confirmed to us [during the Church Age dispensation] by those [disciples] who heard [eye witnesses],
2:4 Testifying at the same time about God, by both signs [warning a nation about its spiritual need] and wonders [attract
attention to Christ], and by various powers [supernatural resources used by the disciples and apostles], and by distributions
[spiritual gifts] from the Holy Spirit according to His sovereign will?
Hebrews 2:5 For He did not
place the inhabited earth which will come [during the millennium] under the authority of angels, concerning those [ministering
spirits for those who inherit salvation] we have been discussing.
Hebrews 2:6 Moreover, someone
[David], somewhere [in Psalm 8:4-6], testified, saying: “What is man that You Yourself [God the Father] are constantly
concerned for him, or the Son of man [Jesus Christ] that You keep on overseeing Him?”
2:7 “You made him [mankind] for a brief time inferior to angels. You crowned him [Adam as 1st ruler of the earth] with
glory and honor.
Hebrews 2:8 You [the Father] have subordinated all things
under his [man’s] feet.” So, due to the fact that He [the Father] has subordinated all things, He [the Father]
left nothing [in eternity future] that will not be subordinated to Him [Jesus Christ]. But now [during the Church Age], we
do not see all things subordinated to him [man lost his dominion over the earth in the Garden, but Jesus Christ will eventually
return it to him during the Millennium].
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, Who was made inferior to angels
for a brief time, Who, because of His suffering unto death [both spiritual & physical], was crowned [Cross before the
Crown] with glory and honor [celebrityship], for the purpose of tasting death [both spiritual & physical] on behalf of
every kind [Jews-Gentiles, male-female, slave-free, rich-poor] by the grace of God.
2:10 Moreover [in addition to the positional aspect of Christ’s ministry], it was fitting for Him [God the Father],
for Whom all things and by Whom all things exist [as Creator], for the purpose of guiding many sons [believers who have cracked
the maturity barrier] unto glory [ultra-supergrace life], to bring the prototype [Originator] of their salvation [sanctification-salvation]
to maturity through sufferings [testing for blessing].
Hebrews 2:11 Moreover, both
He [Jesus Christ] Who is sanctified [has already attained maturity in the past] and those [growing believers] who are continually
being sanctified [are on the road to maturity] are all of one accord [united in purpose], for which reason [the maturing believer
is striving for that same glory that Jesus already possesses], He [Jesus Christ] is not ashamed to call them [believers on
the road to maturity] brethren [reversionistic believers are still considered brethren, but He is ashamed to introduce them
Hebrews 2:12 Who said [in Psalm 22]: “I will introduce your name [the
believer who reaches spiritual maturity] to My brethren [inner circle of winner believers]; I will sing a song of praise about
you [the believer who reaches spiritual maturity] in the midst of the assembly [an awards presentation featuring His inner
circle of friends].”
Hebrews 2:13 And furthermore [in Isaiah 8:17-18]: “I
Myself [Jesus Christ] will place My confidence [conferring a position of leadership and responsibility] upon him [the winner
believer who has just received a song of praise from the Lord],” and again, “Behold, I Myself [Jesus Christ] and
the children [spiritually immature believers] whom God [the Father] has given to Me [in eternity past].”
2:14 Since, therefore, the children [spiritually immature believers] share the essence of [their humanity] blood [spiritual
death] and flesh [physical death], He Himself [Jesus Christ] also, in the same manner, partook of the same [deity took on
humanity], so that through spiritual death He might render powerless the one [Satan] who holds the ruling power of spiritual
death, that is, the devil,
Hebrews 2:15 And might release [free from Satan’s kingdom]
those [legalistic Christians], who by means of fear from the source of spiritual death [separated from God], were all continually
living a life of slavery [living by the law instead of grace is bondage].
Hebrews 2:16 As a matter of
fact, of course, He [Jesus Christ] did not assume the nature of angels, but He assumed the nature of the seed of Abraham [humanity],
2:17 From which fact [that He was more interested in humanity than angels], He [Jesus Christ] made it a preference to be made
similar to the standards of His brethren [humanity], so that He might become the merciful and faithful High Priest with reference
to things [spiritual matters] pertaining to God, so that He might be a propitiatory conciliation for the sins of people [humans
as opposed to angels].
Hebrews 2:18 Since He Himself suffered, having been tested
in that sphere [in His humanity], He keeps on being able [as our High Priest] to assist those who are being tested [restoring
fellowship between the Father and the confessing believer].
Hebrews 3:1 For this reason
[because we have a High Priest Who can assist us], holy brethren [winner believers in His inner circle], partakers [supergrace
believers] of a heavenly [highly spiritual] station in life [experiential relationship with God], concentrate on the Ambassador,
even High Priest [celebrityship of Christ] of our confession: Jesus [emphasizing His humanity],
3:2 Who [Jesus Christ as celebrity] has always been faithful to the One [God the Father] Who appointed Him, just as Moses
[as a type of Christ] also was to all His house [Israel].
Hebrews 3:3 However, this
One [Jesus Christ] is considered worthy of more abundant glory [unique celebrityship is higher than hero-ship] than Moses,
to the degree that He Who constructs it [Jesus Christ] possesses greater honor than the house [Jesus Christ designed, created
and furnished the dispensation in which Moses was a hero],
Hebrews 3:4 For every house
[dispensation, people, protocol] is furnished by someone [Moses in the dispensation of Israel, Jesus Christ in the Church
Age dispensation], but He [Jesus Christ] Who constructed all things [dispensations and everything else] is God.
3:5 On the one hand, Moses was indeed faithful in all his house [Israel] as a noble servant [supergrace hero], for evidence
regarding the things [supergrace activity] which are about to be communicated,
3:6 On the other hand, Christ continues to be faithful as an adult son [higher status than a noble servant] over His house
[royal family of God], Whose spiritual house [as opposed to carnal house] we are [successful members of], if we maintain our
course [in the spiritual life] with courage [confidence in Bible doctrine] and boasting [in Christ] with expectation [while
waiting for His return].
Hebrews 3:7 Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit said [in Psalm
95:8-11]: “Today, if you hear [grace apparatus for perception] His voice [Bible doctrine as the Word of God],
3:8 Do not begin to harden [with scar tissue] the mentality of your soul [reverse process reversionism], as in the bitter
rebellion [Meribah revolution], during the day of the testing [Massah trial] in the wilderness,
3:9 Where your fathers [the Exodus generation] tried My patience by putting Me to the test [demanding miracles] and observed
My production [logistical grace support] forty years.
Hebrews 3:10 Because of this [rebellion] I was provoked by
this [Exodus] generation and said: They are continually being led astray [deluded as a result of their negative volition to
doctrine] by the mentality of their soul [no epignosis doctrine]; as a matter of fact, they do not know [they don’t
even possess gnosis] My ways [divine protocol for the dispensation of Israel],
3:11 So that [keeping with the fact of their continued rebellion] I swore a solemn oath in My anger: They shall not enter
into My rest [possessing Canaan, the supergrace life].”
Hebrews 3:12 Beware [consider
the consequences], brethren [members of the royal family], so there will not be in any of you a degenerate [totally depraved],
unfaithful [rejects divine perspective] mentality of the soul [the mind is saturated with sin and evil instead of Bible doctrine],
which results in apostasy from the living God [spiritual desertion],
Hebrews 3:13 But keep on encouraging
each other [talking Bible doctrine] throughout every day, as long as today lasts [our allotted time on earth], so that none
of you may begin to be hardened [scar tissue of the soul] through the strong delusion of sin [it appears harmless],
3:14 For we became in the past and may continue to be partakers of Christ [partners in the supergrace life], if we maintain
a steady course from the original undertaking [first signs of positive volition] to the point of maturity [completion of sanctification-salvation],
3:15 Concerning which [steering towards maturity and away from rebellion] it has been said before [in Psalm 95]: “Today
[while you are still alive], if you hear His voice [Bible doctrine as the Word of God], do not harden the mentality of your
souls [negative volition] as during the revolution [the Exodus generation’s wanderings due to reversionism].”
3:16 For who, after they heard, revolted [rebelled against the Lord]? Point of fact: did not the vast majority [all but five
people] who came out from Egypt by Moses?
Hebrews 3:17 And with whom was He provoked forty years [during
the wilderness wanderings]? Wasn’t it with those [nearly 2-million Israelites] who missed the mark [sin of rebellion],
with those whose corpses fell in the desert [sin unto death]?
Hebrews 3:18 And to whom [the
same reversionists] did He swear an oath that they should not enter into His rest [Canaan as a type of the supergrace life],
except to those who were obstinate?
Hebrews 3:19 As a result, we see that they [reversionists
in the Exodus generation] were not able to enter in [to the land of Canaan: the supergrace life] because of unfaithfulness
[rejection of God’s Word and protocol plan for Israel].
Hebrews 4:1 Therefore, let
us be concerned [out of fear and respect], that having been left with the promise [unclaimed] of entering into His rest [rest
of faithfulness and obedience], some of you might be inclined through subjective thinking [erroneous over-assessment of one’s
spiritual status] to come short of it [fail to reach the goal because you quit before you were finished].
4:2 For we [growing believers] also reside, having ourselves heard the good news [teaching on inheritance-salvation], just
as they also [the Exodus generation], but the Word of hearing [Bible doctrine taught by Moses] did not profit them [fell on
deaf ears], because it was not united with faith [doctrine builds upon doctrine to create a system, structure or edification
complex] by those who heard [negative volition prevented the doctrinal system from being constructed in the mentality of the
Hebrews 4:3 Certainly, we [growing believers who are fulfilling their priestly
function] who have been faithful [consistent doctrinal inculcation], will enter into His rest [the supergrace life as a precursor
to full inheritance-salvation], quite different from what He said [in Psalm 95]: “Even as I swore an oath in My disgust,
They [the Exodus generation] shall not enter into My rest [no inheritance-salvation],” and yet these works [supergrace
blessings and the inheritance] were brought into existence from the foundation of the world.
4:4 For He said elsewhere [in Gen. 2:2] concerning the seventh [day] in this manner: Then God rested on the seventh day from
all His production [refashioning the earth after tohu wah bohu],
Hebrews 4:5 And again in this
place [Psalm 95:11]: “They shall not enter into My rest.”
Hebrews 4:6 Therefore, it
still remains [uncompleted task] for some [those who faithfully persevere in any generation] to enter into that [rest: supergrace
life], since those [Exodus generation] who were the first to hear the good news did not enter in [failed to enter Canaan,
did not obtain the rest of supergrace] because of obstinancy [disobedience].
4:7 Again, He continues to determine [set apart for every generation] a specific period of time, today [the time allotted
to every believer to attain supergrace status], stating in [various psalms of] David after a lapse of time [following the
time of Moses and Joshua], just as it was stated before [in Psalm 95]: “Today [available at any time as long as you
are still alive], if you hear His voice [the Spirit speaking to you in the Word of God], Do not harden the mentality of your
souls [negative volition towards Bible doctrine].”
Hebrews 4:8 Moreover, if Joshua
had brought them into rest [by taking the land of Canaan], then [contrary to the facts] he would not have spoken with them
on many occasions concerning another [of a different time period] day [it took three generations to complete the task].
4:9 Therefore, there remains [the opportunity exists for every generation] a sabbath-rest [supergrace life] for the people
of God [faithful believers].
Hebrews 4:10 Moreover, he [the mature believer] who has entered
into His rest [the supergrace life] has also rested from his production [you don’t have to work to obtain blessing]
as God rested from His own [after the refashioning of planet earth].
Hebrews 4:11 Let us [positive
believers], therefore, start being diligent to enter into this rest, so that no one may begin falling [drift off course] after
the same example of disobedience [reversionism of the Exodus generation].
Hebrews 4:12 For the Word
of God [Bible doctrine] keeps on being alive and inherently powerful and sharper than any two-edged sword [most effective
weapon of its day] and is piercing [like the point of a fencing foil] even to the point of dividing the soul and the spirit
[only Bible doctrine can do this], both the joints and the marrow, and is a quick discerner of the thoughts and intentions
of the mentality of the soul.
Hebrews 4:13 Furthermore, there is no creature hidden before
Him [divine omniscience], but rather all things are naked, even being exposed to His eyes, in the presence of Whom we will
receive our reckoning [evaluation at the Judgment Seat of Christ].
Hebrews 4:14 Therefore, since
we have a great High Priest [session: at the right hand of the Father] Who has passed through the heavens [His ascension after
the strategic victory on the cross], Jesus, the Son of God, let us keep on seizing the opportunity for confession [acknowledging
our sins to the Father through the Son without going through a sacrificial system],
4:15 For we do not have a High Priest who is not able to be touched [sympathetic suffering with us] by our weaknesses [limitations
of our humanity], but having been tempted on all points [every imaginable category] in quite the same way [similar to what
we face in our Christian life], apart from sin [impeccability].
Hebrews 4:16 Therefore, let
us keep on approaching the throne of grace [through prayer] with confidence [in our High Priest, not ourselves], so that we
may obtain mercy [compassionate forgiveness of sins and restoration to temporal fellowship] and may find grace [day-by-day
discovery in the filling of the Spirit] during our time of need [spiritual support from the mentorship of the Holy Spirit].
5:1 You see, every high priest [from the first to the Last Adam], having been taken from among mankind [not angels], was appointed
on behalf of men [His office was for the benefit of others, not himself] with reference to things pertaining to God, so that
he might offer gifts [cereal] and offerings [animals] on behalf of sins [the equivalent of rebound],
5:2 Having the ability to control his emotions [objective restraint] towards those who are ignorant [without a system of Bible
doctrine in the soul] and who are continually led astray [deceived and led into error due to bad judgment], because he also
is encumbered [within and without] by weakness [spiritual failure].
Hebrews 5:3 Moreover, because
of this [having weaknesses like everyone else], he is obligated to make an offering concerning sins [to restore fellowship],
namely for the people, but likewise for himself.
Hebrews 5:4 Furthermore, one does not seize this honor [office
of high priest] for himself, but rather when he is called by God, just as Aaron also was.
5:5 In the same manner, Christ also did not glorify Himself [He was not self-appointed or self-annointed] for the purpose
of becoming a High Priest [no place for inordinate ambition], but One [the Father] spoke beforehand [in Psalm 2:7] face-to-face
with Him: “You are My Son; this very day I have begotten You [become your Father].”
5:6 Likewise, He [God the Father] also said in another place [Psalm 110:4]: “You are a priest unto the age [Kingdom
of the Son of Man] of the same kind as Melchisedek [vastly superior to the Levitical priesthood],”
5:7 Who [Jesus Christ] in the days of His flesh [dispensation of the hypostatic union], having offered [on the Cross] both
prayers and supplications [some intercessory, some to request the resurrection] with an intense scream and tears, face-to-face
with the One [God the Father] Who had and continues to have the power to deliver Him out of death [resurrection], and was
heard [His prayer was answered by the Father] because of His respect for the authority of God.
5:8 Although He [Jesus Christ] was the Son [deity], He learned obedience by the things which He suffered [in His humanity],
5:9 And after He completed the goal [being matured by obedience and suffering], He [Jesus Christ] became the Source of eternal
[inheritance] salvation to all those who continue to obey Him [reigning as servant kings during the millennium is conditioned
Hebrews 5:10 Being previously designated by God [the Father]
a High Priest according to the order of Melchisedek,
Hebrews 5:11 Concerning whom [Melchisedek] many doctrines
could be communicated to you, but they are hard to explain, since you have become dull [sluggish, apathetic, and stupid] of
hearing [negative volition towards Bible doctrine].
Hebrews 5:12 For when you ought to be communicators [teaching
divine viewpoint] due to the lapse of time [that you have already logged on earth as believers], you [reversionists] require
someone [pastor-teacher] to teach you again elementary things, basic precepts [doctrinal ABC’s] from God, and have become
[in your reversionism] ones having need for milk [basic doctrine], and not solid food [advanced doctrine].
5:13 Moreover, each person [reversonistic believer] who drinks milk [a meager diet of the basics] is ignorant of doctrine
pertaining to righteousness [God’s protocol plan for attaining maturity], because he is immature [perpetual spiritual
Hebrews 5:14 But solid food [advanced doctrine] is for the mature [supergrace
believers], those who, because of practice [spiritual self-discipline], keep on having their perceptive faculties [ability
to concentrate on doctrine] thoroughly exercised [spiritual discipline] for the purpose of discerning between good and evil
[life in the divine system compared to life in the cosmic system].
Hebrews 6:1 Therefore, having
abandoned the elementary doctrine about Christ [Christology in the OT and synoptic gospels], let us advance towards maturity
[learning advanced doctrines in the epistles], not laying down again the [kingdom] foundation: (a) of a change of mind away
from dead works [clinging to the Mosaic Law and Judaistic rituals], and (b) of faith toward God [waiting for the fulfillment
of the Davidic covenant],
Hebrews 6:2 (c) the doctrine of washings [ceremonial ablutions
of Judaism], and (d) the laying on of hands [used in Jewish sacrificial rituals when confessing sins], and (e) the resurrection
of the dead [OT saints awaken and possess the earthly Davidic kingdom], and (f) eternal judgment [Messiah ruling and executing
justice on David’s earthly throne].
Hebrews 6:3 Moreover, this [advance toward maturity] we will
do [ultimate goal of reversion recovery], if God permits [if you live long enough to complete your recovery].
6:4 For it is impossible for those [a particular category of legalistic reversionists] who once received illumination [when
the sovereignty of God effectively applied the gospel to their souls in efficacious grace], as well as having begun to taste
for themselves [developing a relationship with] the gracious gift from heaven [Jesus Christ], and having been made partners
with the Holy Spirit [through the baptism and sealing ministries of the Spirit],
6:5 And having begun to taste for themselves [doctrinal inculcation] the good Word of God, as well as the powers [miracles
during the transitional period of the early church] of the age which is destined to come [the Millennium],
6:6 But afterwards going astray [defecting from Church Age protocol and pursuing Judaism], to be restored again [reversion
recovery] to repentance [confession of sin, changing one’s legalistic lifestyle, and returning to grace protocol], because
they are continually crucifying the Son of God [by placing themselves back under the Levitical priesthood] and are continually
holding Him up to contempt [pursuing the shadows rather than the reality of Christ].
6:7 For the ground [lifestyle of the supergrace Christian] which has absorbed the rain [doctrinal inculcation] which has frequently
come upon it [daily habit], and which brings forth suitable vegetation [divine good] for the benefit of those whom also it
has been cultivated [the supergrace believer shares what he has learned with others], receives its share of blessing from
God [supergrace prosperity],
Hebrews 6:8 But if it [the ground: believer] bears thorns
and thistles [dead works, human good], it is worthless [the unsuitable crop is rejected] and close to infertile [one step
above no vegetation at all], which end is scorching [burning of wood, hay & stubble at the Judgment Seat of Christ].
6:9 But concerning you [pastors and teachers in Paul’s remote, non-resident congregations], beloved, we are convinced
of more advantageous things [abundant fruit rather than dead works], namely those which accompany salvation [inheritance-salvation],
even though we communicate in this manner [warning you about dead works],
Hebrews 6:10 For God is not
unjust to disregard your production [directed toward pastors and teachers who minister the Word] and the virtue love which
you have demonstrated toward His Person [Jesus Christ] by beginning to minister to the saints [they completed their training
program and had begun to start teaching] and by continuing to minister [they didn’t give up when things got tough].
Hebrews 6:11 Moreover, we [apostles and pastors] desire that each one of
you [believers] demonstrate the same diligence [devotion to the Word of God], toward a full measure of spiritual understanding
[spiritual self-esteem], with confidence [spiritual autonomy], unto completion [spiritual maturity],
6:12 So that you may not become sluggish in thought [neglecting Bible doctrine], but rather imitators of those [OT supergrace
heroes], who by means of doctrine and steadfastness, obtain the promises [inheritance-salvation].
6:13 For when God Himself promised to Abraham, since He had nobody greater to swear an oath by, He swore an oath [unconditional
promise] on the basis of Himself,
Hebrews 6:14 When He was saying: Indeed [affirming an oath],
I will bless you by means of continual blessing [sexual blessing] and I will multiply you by means of continual multiplication
[father of a new race: Israel].
Hebrews 6:15 And without further ado, having waited patiently
[reference to the faith-rest drill], he obtained the promise [God was true to His word].
6:16 For men customarily swear an oath on the basis of a greater [usually God], and for each type of dispute of theirs, the
oath is the surety [conclusion] for the guarantee [legal bond],
Hebrews 6:17 Concerning which
[reference to man’s oath], desiring to demonstrate to a much greater degree to the heirs of the promise the immutability
of His divine will, acted as the Surety [guarantee] with an oath [unconditional covenant],
6:18 So that, by means of two immutable things [the promise and the oath], in which it is impossible for God Himself to lie,
we might keep on having strong encouragement when we take refuge [in Christ and His Word], to apprehend the confidence which
has been set before us [reach the objective of supergrace],
Hebrews 6:19 Which [confidence]
we may possess as an anchor for the soul, both stabilized and dependable, even to the point of entering into that [confident
supergrace life] which is inside the veil [Holy of Holies],
Hebrews 6:20 Where Jesus,
the Forerunner [pointman], entered on our behalf [strategic victory], having become a High Priest [at the right hand of the
Father] unto the age [Kingdom of the Son of Man] according to the battalion of Melchizedek.
7:1 Moreover, this [previously mentioned] Melchisedek, king [royalty] of Salem, priest [Gentile] of the Most High God, the
one who had met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter [defeat] of the kings and had subsequently blessed him [gave
him bread & wine and shared doctrine with him],
Hebrews 7:2 To whom [Melchisedek] also Abraham distributed
a tenth of everything [10% tribute income tax on the booty], (first, on the one hand [his name], being interpreted: king of
righteousness, and second, on the other hand [his title], king of Salem, which means: king of peace,
7:3 Without paternal descent [didn’t inherit his throne from his father], without maternal descent [didn’t inherit
his throne from his mother], without a genealogical record [not on record anywhere], having neither beginning of days [no
birth certificate] nor end of life [no death certificate], but was made a pattern for the Son of God [Jesus Christ] Who will
remain a priest for all time).
Hebrews 7:4 Now then, consider how great this person [Melchisedek]
was, to whom even Abraham, the patriarch [future father of the nation Israel], gave a tenth of the best booty [as tribute
Hebrews 7:5 However, they [the Levitical priesthood also served
as tax collectors for Israel], on the one hand, from the sons of Levi [geneaological requirement for the office], who have
received the priestly office [it was conferred upon them when they became adults], preserve the mandate [tax laws] to collect
taxes from the people according to the law [the Mosaic Law authorized this function], that is, from their brethren [fellow
citizens], even though they [who are taxed] had come out from the loins [descendants] of Abraham [everyone paid taxes regardless
Hebrews 7:6 On the other hand, he [Melchisedek] who had no
genealogical record from them [not related to the Levitical priesthood], collected taxes from Abraham, and provided benefits
[rights and privileges of citizenship in Salem] to him [Abraham] who possessed the promises.
7:7 Consequently, without any contradiction [no disputes or hostility between them], the inferior [Abraham] is provided benefits
by the superior [Melchisedek].
Hebrews 7:8 And so, on the one hand, under these circumstances,
men [the Levitical priesthood] who will die [mortals], are receiving a ten percent tax; on the other hand, in that place [Psalm
110], he [Melchisedek] has been testified of because He [Jesus Christ] lives [death does not terminate the royal priesthood].
7:9 Also, to say it in another way [one might almost say]: through Abraham [he was also paying taxes for the Levites], even
Levi, who collected taxes, paid taxes [the superiority of the Melchisedek priesthood again emphasized over the Levitical priesthood],
7:10 For he [Levi] was still in the genitalia of his ancestor [an unborn descendant] when Melchisedek encountered him [Abraham].
Hebrews 7:11 Now, if maturity was available through the Levitical priesthood
– for on the basis of it the people [the elect nation of Israel] received the law – what further need would there
be for another of a different category of priest [royal] according to the battalion of Melchisedek to arise [become activated
due to a dispensational change] and not be maintained according to the battalion of Aaron [the Levitical priesthood was deactivated
along with the Mosaic Law]?
Hebrews 7:12 Therefore, since the priestly office was changed
[from Levitical to Melchisedek], out of necessity there also must occur a transformation of the ruling principle [the office
and its function are a package deal].
Hebrews 7:13 Moreover, He [Jesus Christ] to Whom these things
[doctrines of the royal priesthood and His royal family] are being addressed, belongs to another of a different category of
tribe [kingly tribe of Judah, not the priestly tribe of Levi], from which [royal tribe] no one officiates at an altar [rules
out any system of intermediaries].
Hebrews 7:14 For it is well known that our Lord descended
from Judah [royal, kingly tribe], about which tribe, Moses communicated nothing concerning priests.
7:15 Moreover, it is even more evident, since in the same way as Melchisedek [similar order], there arose another of a different
kind of priest [royalty by birth],
Hebrews 7:16 Who [Jesus Christ] has become a priest, not according
to the law [Mosaic] of physical requirements [Levitical purity laws applied to men from the tribe of Levi], but according
to the inherent power of indestructible life [freedom from death],
Hebrews 7:17 For it has been
testified [in Scripture] that: You and only You [Jesus Christ] will be a priest unto the age [Kingdom of the Son of Man] according
to the battalion of Melchisedek.
Hebrews 7:18 For on the one hand, there came to pass an annulment
[removal] of the commandment [Mosaic Law] which was previously issued because of its powerless nature [it covered sin rather
than taking it away & it could not give life] and uselessness [it authorized a now obsolete priesthood],
7:19 For the law could bring nothing to maturity [cannot assist a believer to grow in grace]; on the other hand, there is
a more useful [preferable], compelling prospect [opportunity], through which [royal priesthood of the believer] we may continually
Hebrews 7:20 And in as much as not without the taking of an
oath, (for on the one hand [during the dispensation of Israel], they [the Levitical priesthood] were priests who became so
without the taking of an oath [they became priests through heritage],
Hebrews 7:21 But on the other
hand, He [Jesus Christ], by taking an oath through the One [God the Father] Who spoke face-to-face with Him [during the conference
on the divine decrees]), the Lord [God the Father] made a solemn oath and will not change His mind [immutability]: You and
only You [Jesus Christ] will be a priest unto the age [Kingdom of the Son of Man].
7:22 By so much [doctrinal evidence, including an oath from the Father], indeed, Jesus became the guarantee of a much better
Hebrews 7:23 Moreover, on the one hand, they [the Levitical
priesthood] were many in number who became priests, because they were prevented from continuing [their priestly functions]
by means of death,
Hebrews 7:24 But He [Jesus Christ], on the other hand, because
He abides [due to the resurrection] unto the age [Kingdom of the Son of Man], possesses His [royal] priesthood unchangeable
Hebrews 7:25 From which fact, He [Jesus Christ] is also able
to keep on saving [sanctification salvation] for all time those [Church Age believers] who continue to approach [confession
of sin by prayer] God [the Father] through Him [Jesus Christ as our High Priest], Who keeps on living [eternal priesthood]
for the purpose of making intercession [between the confessing believer and the Father] on their behalf.
7:26 For such a high priest as this [Jesus Christ] was appropriate for us [a royal family requires a royal priest]: pleasing
to God [having great integrity], without guile [free from mental or verbal sins], undefiled [clear thinking], having been
separated [due to His resurrection and ascension] from sinners [impeccability], even becoming more elevated than the heavens
[seated at the right hand of the Father],
Hebrews 7:27 Who [Jesus Christ] does not have the daily necessity,
such as those [Levitical] high priests, to keep offering sacrifices, first on behalf of his own sins [the Levitical priest
had to be in fellowship with God before he offered sacrifices for his people], then for His [the Father’s] people; for
He [Jesus Christ] accomplished this at one time [on the Cross] when He offered up Himself.
7:28 For the [Mosaic] law authorized men [Levites] as high priests, although they possessed weakness [the old sin nature],
but the word of His [the Father’s] solemn oath taking, which came after the law, authorized the Son, Who will remain
absolutely perfect [impeccability] unto the age [Kingdom of the Son of Man].
8:1 Now, the main point about the things which we have been communicating is: We [Christians] continue to have the category
of high priest, Who has sat down [strategic victory] at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty [God Almighty] in the
Hebrews 8:2 The Minister of the holy places [legitimate authority serving
His people], even the true tabernacle [humanity of Christ], which the Lord [Jesus Christ] pitched, not man.
8:3 Since each [Levitical] high priest was appointed [after the death of a former high priest] to offer both gifts [agricultural]
and sacrifices [animal], therefore necessity has [requires] it that He [Jesus Christ] should offer something also.
8:4 To be sure, if He was on the earth, then He [Jesus Christ] could not be a priest [not being from the tribe of Levi] while
there were those [Levitical priests] who continued to offer gifts [food offerings] according to the law.
8:5 Who [the Levitical priests] continued to worship [carry out their religious duties] a pattern, even a shadow of heavenly
things, since Moses was warned [divine instruction] when he was preparing to construct the tabernacle, for He [God the Father]
said: Make sure you build everything according to the pattern [blueprint] which was revealed to you on the mountain [Sinai].
8:6 But now, He [Jesus Christ] has obtained a more excellent ministry [heavenly as opposed to earthly], in as much as He is
also the Mediator of a much better covenant [authority to rule as King-Priest rather than Aaronic priest], which was enacted
upon much better promises [unconditional rather than conditional].
Hebrews 8:7 For if the first
one [covenant of Mosaic Law to Israel] had been sufficient, then a place would not have been required for a second [new covenant
Hebrews 8:8 For when He [God the Father] found fault with
it [the conditional first covenant], He said [in Jeremiah 31:31-34]: “Behold, the day [beginning of the millennium]
is approaching, said the Lord, when I will bring [at the 2nd advent] a new [unconditional] covenant to completion to the house
of Israel [northern kingdom] and to the house of Judah [southern kingdom],
8:9 Not similar to the covenant [Mosaic Law] which I made with their ancestors, on the day [time of the Exodus] when I took
them [Jewish slaves] by their hand to lead them out from the land of Egypt. Since they did not continue [persevere] in My
covenant [conditional], I for My part disregarded them [allowed them to wander in the wilderness for 40 years as part of the
5th cycle of discipline], said the Lord.”
Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant [new] which I will confer
upon the house of Israel after those days [when the Church Age and Jacob’s Trouble have passed], said the Lord, for
I will impart [without intermediaries] My laws for the purpose of their thinking, even upon the mentality of their souls I
will engrave them [doctrinal infusion], and I will become their God, and they will become My people;
8:11 Also, each person shall stop teaching his fellow citizen [no external instruction during the millennium], and each person
his brother [close friend], by saying: “Know the Lord,” because [in the perfect environment of the millennium]
all categories of people [no class distinction] shall know Me, from the least unto the greatest of them [no such thing as
equality during the millennium],
Hebrews 8:12 Because I will be gracious towards their unrighteousnesses,
and I will not remember their sins anymore,
Hebrews 8:13 Concerning which it was said before: He [God
the Father] rendered obsolete the first [covenant of Mosaic Law] by means of the new [covenant to Israel]; therefore, that
[covenant of Mosaic Law] which has been rendered obsolete and which has grown old is near destruction [disappeared forever
after Christ fulfilled its demands on the Cross].
Hebrews 9:1 To be sure, therefore, even the first [Mosaic
Law covenant] had regulations for worship and an earthly sanctuary,
Hebrews 9:2 For the first
tabernacle was constructed, inside of which was the lampstand [Christ as the living Word] and the table [Christ as the written
Word] and the presentation of the breads [12 loaves representing the 12 tribes of Israel], which was designated the Holy Place,
9:3 And behind the second curtain, the large tent which was designated the Holy of Holies,
9:4 Having the golden altar of incense [intercession and fellowship], and the ark of the covenant [made of acacia wood] which
was overlaid [plated] on all sides with gold [deity], inside of which a golden urn existed which held the manna [Bread of
Life], and Aaron’s rod which budded, and the tables [tablets] of the covenant [the 10 commandments of the Mosaic Law],
9:5 And above it [the ark of the covenant]: the Cherubim of glory which overshadowed the mercy-seat [place of propitiation],
concerning which things we are not going to speak about in detail at this present time.
9:6 Now, after these things were appropriately prepared, then the priests repeatedly entered into the first large tent [the
Holy Place], performing ceremonial rites [sacred duties],
Hebrews 9:7 But the high priest
alone entered beyond the second [curtain: into the Holy of Holies], once a year [Day of Atonement], never without blood [representing
the saving work of Christ], which he offered on behalf of himself and the unknown sins of the people [Israel],
9:8 This [sin offering] being revealed by the Holy Spirit, because the entrance [Jesus Christ] through the Holy Place could
not yet [since the time for His work on earth had not arrived] be revealed [it was still a mystery] as long as the first tabernacle
[earthly tent] still had existence,
Hebrews 9:9 Which [earthly tabernacle] was a type during the
dispensation which was then present [Israel], according to which [type] both gifts and sacrifices [Levitical offerings] were
offered which were not [weakness of ritual], with reference to the conscience [norms and standards of the soul are not touched
by shadows], able to bring to maturity [supergrace] the one who made it a practice to worship [ceremonial purification only],
9:10 Being only [due to their inherent limitations] regulations pertaining to the body [hygiene], along with solid food [meat
& manna] and liquids and different kinds of washings, which were imposed until the dispensation of the new order [Church
Hebrews 9:11 But Christ, making a public appearance [at the 1st advent] as
the High Priest of good things which were to come, by means of a greater and more perfect tabernacle [the one in heaven],
not made by human hands, that is, not from this order of creation [from the 3rd heaven, not earth],
9:12 Nor [like the Levitical priests] through the blood of goats and young bulls, but by means of His Own blood [pregnant
verbal symbol for the saving work of Christ], entered into the Holy of Holies one time only [as opposed to the endless repetition
of the Levitical priesthood], having obtained [secured for a particular people] eternal redemption [a completed work for a
particular chosen people, not a hypothetical provision for an uncertain blob of humanity].
9:13 For you see, if the blood [literal animal] of goats [salvation offering] and bulls [rebound offering], and the ashes
of a heifer which was sprinkled upon those who were ceremonially defiled, kept purifying them with reference to the ceremonial
cleansing of the flesh,
Hebrews 9:14 How much more [reality is much greater than the
shadows] may the blood of Christ [representative analogy for the saving work of Christ], Who through the eternal spirit [the
essence of Christ’s own spirit] offered Himself [in contrast with animals], without blemish [as opposed to the defilement
of those He represented] to God [the Father], keep on cleansing [depends on the believer’s confession of sin] your conscience
[experiential sanctification] from dead works [human plans or activities done without the filling of the Spirit], so that
you might keep on serving [priestly function of the believer] the God Who is living [Christ as the resurrected sacrificial
Hebrews 9:15 In addition [to His work on the Cross for the
Church], because of this [ultimate sacrifice], He [Jesus Christ] is the Mediator of a new covenant [with the nation Israel],
in order that those who have been called [elect Israel] will receive the promised eternal [national] inheritance, now that
a death has taken place [Christ’s spiritual death] for the redemption of the transgressions against the first covenant
Hebrews 9:16 For where a last will and testament exists [comparing
the new covenant to a will], necessity requires the death of the One [Testator] who made the last will and testament [Jesus
Hebrews 9:17 For a last will and testament is secured [validated] upon the
deaths [spiritual and physical], since it is not valid while the One [Testator] who made the last will and testament [Jesus
Christ] continues to live.
Hebrews 9:18 From which fact, neither was the first [Mosaic
covenant] inaugurated without blood [the saving work of Christ was portrayed by the animal sacrifices],
9:19 For after each commandment had been spoken by Moses to each person [Israelites only] according to the law, then he took
the blood of young bulls and goats, along with water and scarlet-dyed wool and hyssop, and he sprinkled both the book itself
[Mosaic Law] and each person [each individual had to be present for this ritual, it was not performed ‘en masse’
for an indefinite blob of humanity],
Hebrews 9:20 Reciting over-and-over again [saying to each
individual Jew when they were being sprinkled]: This is the blood of the last will and testament which God Himself decreed
Hebrews 9:21 Moreover, both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ritual
service he sprinkled with blood in the same manner [he didn’t fling the blood indiscriminately toward the vessels in
the tabernacle letting it land where it may].
Hebrews 9:22 As a matter of fact, according to the law, almost
everything is cleansed by animal blood [expiatory sacrifice]; indeed, without the shedding of animal blood, there is no remission
[covering of sin].
Hebrews 9:23 Therefore, on the one hand, it was necessary
[a requirement] for the copies [shadows] of the things in the heavens to be repeatedly cleansed by these things [animal blood,
water and hyssop], but on the other hand, heavenly things require better sacrifices [both spiritual and physical] than these
Hebrews 9:24 For Christ did not enter into a Holy of Holies made by human
hands, an antitype [copy] of the true one, but into heaven itself, now [after His ascension] to appear [as priestly intercessor]
in the presence of God [the Father] on our behalf [mediatorship],
Hebrews 9:25 Nor so that He
[Jesus Christ] should offer Himself on a frequent basis, like the high priest who made it a practice to enter into the Holy
of Holies each year [Day of Atonement] with alien [not one’s own: animal] blood,
9:26 For if that were true [but it’s not], He would have had to suffer many times from the foundation of the world.
But now, once, at the conjunction of the ages [where the Age of Israel is interrupted and the Church Age begins], He was revealed
for the abrogation [removal] of sin [Adam’s imputed sin] by means of the sacrifice of Himself.
9:27 Moreover, inasmuch as it was appointed for men [Levitical priests] to die once [physically], then, after this, judgment
[manslayers allowed to return home from refuge],
Hebrews 9:28 In like manner, Christ, having been offered once
to bear the sins of many [Jew and Gentile], shall appear a second time [2nd advent], (not to bear sin), for the deliverance
of those [Jews of the dispersion living in refuge] who continue to eagerly await for Him [Israel is free to return to the
Hebrews 10:1 So the law, (which possessed a shadow of the
good things which were to come [salvation], by means of those sacrifices which they [Levitical priests] kept on offering year-after-year
[on the Day of Atonement], merely a representation of the event itself [Christ’s sacrificial death]), never had the
power to bring to maturity those [legalistic adherents] who kept on approaching [the altar of sacrifice] uninterruptedly [some
continued to rely on the law even after it was abrogated],
Hebrews 10:2 Otherwise, would
not they have stopped being offered? For the ones who made it a practice to worship [at the altar of sacrifice], once they
had been cleansed, would have had no more conscience of sins;
Hebrews 10:3 But in those
[Levitical offerings], there was a remembrance of sins every year,
Hebrews 10:4 For it is impossible
for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
Hebrews 10:5 Therefore, when He [Jesus Christ] came into the
world [incarnation], He said [as a baby in the cradle]: “Sacrifice and offering You [God the Father] did not want, so
You prepared a body for Me [the body of Christ replaced the Levitial offerings];
10:6 You [God the Father] have no pleasure with regard to [are not propitiated by] whole burnt offerings for sin.”
10:7 At that time [when Jesus was still in the cradle] I said: “Behold, I have arrived,” as it is written concerning
Me in the scroll of the book [Gen. 3:15], “to do Your will, Oh God.”
10:8 Then as I said previously [quoting Psalm 46 in verse 10:5]: “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings
and other sacrifices concerning sin You [God the Father] did not want nor were pleased with [propitiated by], which were offered
according to the law.”
Hebrews 10:9 Then [in the cradle] He said: “Behold,
I have arrived to do Your will;” He abrogated the first [Mosaic Law sacrifice: legal sin offerings], so that He might
establish the second [sacrifice of Christ: grace sin offering],
Hebrews 10:10 Through which
will [that Jesus is the one sacrifice] we stand, having been sanctified [positionally] through the one time offering [as opposed
to the repeated Levitical offerings] of the body of Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 10:11 Meanwhile, on
the one hand, each priest stands [royalty sits down] day-after-day [the Israelites worshipped every day], worshipping and
offering [this was a working priesthood as opposed to a resting priesthood] the same sacrifices again and again, which by
their very nature [as animal sacrifices] never had the power [no spiritual ability] to make expiation for sins;
10:12 On the other hand, this One [Jesus Christ], after He offered one sacrifice [His spiritual death] on behalf of sins,
sat down [session] for perpetuity [in contrast to the priests who were continually standing] at the right hand of God [place
of power and authority],
Hebrews 10:13 From that moment forward [while in session]
waiting with great expectation until His enemies [angelic] have been appointed a footstool for His feet [unconditional surrender
during the Davidic kingdom on earth],
Hebrews 10:14 For by one unique offering, He brought to completion
forever [glorification salvation] the ones [His elect] who have been set apart for His service [justification salvation].
10:15 Moreover, the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us [members of the royal family]. Then, afterwards [after the supreme
Sacrifice] He [God the Father] said [addressing the nation Israel in Jeremiah 31]:
10:16 “This is the [new] covenant which I will ratify face-to-face with them [Israel in the Millennium] after those
days [Jacob’s Trouble],” said the Lord, “when I will impart [absence of human volition] My laws upon the
mentality of their souls, even upon their centers of spiritual intellect I will engrave them.
10:17 Furthermore, their [Israel’s] sins and lawlessnesses I will remember no longer [Israel will be restored from the
5th cycle of discipline].”
Hebrews 10:18 Now, where there is forgiveness [remission]
of these [sins and lawlessnesses], there is no longer an offering [shadow sacrifice] for sin.
10:19 Since we have, therefore, brethren [members of the royal family], confident access into the Holy of Holies by the blood
of Jesus [representative analogy for His spiritual death] –
Hebrews 10:20 By the way which
He dedicated for us [on the cross], new and living [Jesus is a living Sacrifice as opposed to a dead animal sacrifice], through
the veil, which was His flesh,
Hebrews 10:21 Even an illustrious Priest [Jesus Christ] over
the house of God –
Hebrews 10:22 Let us keep on approaching [fellowship with
God] with a dependable mentality of the soul with a full measure of doctrine, having mentalities cleansed [sanctifying ministry
of the Spirit after confession of sin] from an evil conscience [mental attitude sins] and having a body [person] washed with
pure water [the believer is cleansed daily by the washing of the water of the Word of God].
10:23 Let us faithfully retain [positive volition in the face of pressure] the acknowledgement of our confident expectation
[potential of obtaining supergrace] without wavering [not returning to a legalistic system], because faithful is the One [Jesus
Christ] Who made the promise.
Hebrews 10:24 Also, let us keep on considering [by the application
of Bible doctrine] one another of the same kind [fellow believers], for the purpose of encouragement [spiritual stimulation]
from virtue love [relaxed mental attitude] and honorable production [divine good],
10:25 Not abandoning yourselves [giving up on Bible class] with reference to the spiritual life [you must have doctrine daily],
like the habit of some [reversionists], but making it a practice to call for assistance [you need instruction in the Word
of God], and the more the better [maximum doctrine in the soul], in as much as you see the day [rapture of the Church] approaching.
10:26 For if we make it a habit [lifestyle] to sin [presumptuous disobedience] without compulsion [deliberately, without confession],
after possessing a full knowledge of the Truth [once saturated with Bible doctrine], no further offering [sacrificial protection]
can be made to take away [remove] sins,
Hebrews 10:27 But instead a certain fearful expectation of
judgment [divine discipline], even a fierceness of fire [sin unto death] which will definitely devour hostile persons [reversionists
are enemies of God].
Hebrews 10:28 Someone [a believer living during the dispensation
of Israel] who rejected the Mosaic Law occasionally died [capital punishment] without pity [emotion was ruled out when it
came to violations of the law] on the testimony of two or three witnesses [laws of evidence].
10:29 How much worse discipline do you think he [the reversionist living during the millennium] will deserve, who has trampled
under foot [treated with disdain] the Son of God [Who is present on His earthly throne], even considering the blood of the
covenant [new covenant to Israel] by which he was sanctified of minor importance [unconcerned with his daily sins], meanwhile
insulting the Spirit of grace [Who is continually implanting spiritual knowledge into his mind]?
10:30 For we know the One who said [in Deut. 32:35]: “Discipline [temporal punishment] is Mine, I will repay.”
And again [in Deut. 32:36]: “The Lord [Jesus Christ] will judge [temporal chastening] His people.”
10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God [for the purpose of divine discipline].
10:32 Now please remember the former days [when the Jews left the sacrificial system and believed in Christ], in which after
you were enlightened [made to understand the mystery], you endured a difficult struggle [from those who still embraced Judaism]
Hebrews 10:33 Those [Jerusalem believers], on the one hand,
who were publicly exposed [put to shame by adherents to Judaism] to both insults and afflictions, and on the other hand, those
[other Jewish believers] who became partners with those [in Jerusalem] who were treated in this manner.
10:34 For to be sure, you sympathized with those in prison [visited persecuted believers], and accepted with a relaxed mental
attitude [inner happiness] the confiscation [robbery] and disposal of your property, knowing that you hold within yourselves
[Bible doctrine in the soul] a much better possession, indeed which keeps on abiding [Bible doctrine is the only thing you
get to take to heaven with you].
Hebrews 10:35 Don’t cast away, therefore, your courage
[outspokenness with reference to your conversion to Christianity from Judaism], which holds within itself a substantial reward
[supergrace blessings in time and eternity],
Hebrews 10:36 For you continue to have need of steadfast endurance
[persistence in the daily intake, metabolization, and application of Bible doctrine], so that when you have accomplished the
will [protocol plan] of God, you might carry off for yourselves [exploitation of the spiritual breakthrough] the promise [supergrace
blessings in time and eternity].
Hebrews 10:37 Certainly, a little while longer still, and
He [Jesus Christ] will return [at the rapture of the Church]; in fact, He will not linger [delay or take His time].
10:38 Now, the righteous one belonging to Me shall keep on living [maintaining a spiritual life] by means of doctrine. However,
if he retreats [leaves doctrine behind], My soul will not delight in him [discipline instead of blessing].
10:39 However, we ourselves [positive believers associated with Paul] are not shrinking [retrogressing] towards discipline
[divine chastening for reverse process reversionists], but towards the enrichment of the soul [spiritual growth] by means
Hebrews 11:1 In fact, doctrine [the content of our faith]
is the reality [title deed] from which we continue to receive confident hope, the proof [inner conviction] of matters which
cannot be seen [invisible spiritual realities],
Hebrews 11:2 For our ancestors [supergrace believers during
OT times] were approved by the same [Bible doctrine].
Hebrews 11:3 By means of doctrine, we come to understand that
the ages [dispensations] were put into operation [framed and put in motion] by the spoken word of God [an invisible essence],
so that that [order and protocol of each dispensation] which is seen [on earth] has not come into existence from that [visible
essence] which has an outward appearance [the sovereignty of God brought them into existence, not man].
11:4 By means of doctrine, Abel [the first antediluvian person to reach supergrace] offered to God a more excellent sacrifice
than Cain, through which [sacrifice] he was certified to be righteous [supergrace status], being approved by God with respect
to his gifts. Moreover, through it [the application of Bible doctrine represented by his sacrifice], although he died [was
murdered by his brother], he still speaks [as the first monument to the importance of doctrine in the soul].
11:5 By means of doctrine, Enoch was transferred [conveyed to heaven] so that he would not experience death, therefore he
was not found [no physical body] because God transferred [transported] him; for before his transference, he was declared to
be well pleasing to God [he achieved supergrace maturity so quickly that the Lord brought him to heaven unexpectedly].
11:6 As a matter of fact, without doctrine [resident in the soul], it is impossible to please God, for when one approaches
God [is occupied with Christ] he must understand [be convinced by the doctrine in the soul] that He is and will continue to
be [by nature of His essence] a rewarder [supergrace blessings] of those who make it a practice to seek after Him [consistent
intake, metabolization and application of Bible doctrine].
Hebrews 11:7 By means of doctrine,
Noah, having been warned about things [termination of the antediluvian civilization by the flood] which had not yet been seen
[had not yet happened in history], and possessing confidence [reverence for God’s warning], constructed an ark for the
deliverance of his family [blessing by association], through which [construction of an ark because of doctrine in his soul]
he [Noah] pronounced sentence on the world [God turned the course of history at that time around one man], and he [Noah] became
an heir [inheritance salvation] to the [experiential, supergrace] righteousness pertaining to doctrine.
11:8 By means of doctrine, Abraham, when he was summoned to depart [from Ur of the Chaldees] to a place [towards Canaan] which
he was destined [by utilizing the doctrine in his soul] to obtain for an inheritance [as part of the Abrahamic Covenant],
listened carefully [to God’s instructions] and departed [application of doctrine], not knowing himself where he was
going [he had no map or destination, just relying on divine guidance].
Hebrews 11:9 By means of doctrine,
he sojourned in the land [Canaan] of the promise [Abraham Covenant] as a stranger, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob,
joint-heirs [three generations of supergrace believers] of the same promise,
11:10 For he himself [Abraham] was waiting with expectation for the city [the New Heavenly Jerusalem] which has foundations
[indispensable prerequisites], whose architect and builder is God [the Father].
11:11 By means of doctrine, even Sarah [at age 86], herself barren [unable to bear children], obtained [as a supergrace blessing]
the ability for the deposit of semen, even beyond the normal age [the ability to get pregnant had long passed], because she
herself regarded the One [God the Father] who had made the promise trustworthy.
11:12 As a matter of fact, they [Abraham’s other descendants] also were born from one and the same source [Abraham’s
sperm], (although he was as good as dead [sexually]), as many as the stars of the heaven [heavenly seed: the Church], and
as innumerable as the sand [earthly seed: Israel] along the shore of the sea [the world].
11:13 In accordance with doctrine [every man is appointed a time to die], these all [Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Jacob] died [as
supergrace believers], not having obtained [in their lifetime] the promises, but instead saw them [through the doctrine in
their souls] from a distance [in the future] and welcomed them, meanwhile acknowledging that they were strangers and sojourners
upon the earth.
Hebrews 11:14 For the ones [patriarchs] who communicated such
things [that they were strangers and sojourners on the earth] made it clear that they were continually seeking for a homeland.
11:15 And, as a matter of fact, if they would have recalled that [place of their origin: Ur of the Chaldees] from which they
had come out of [Mesopotamia], then they might have had the opportunity [distraction test] to return [geographic reversionism],
11:16 But now [having some doctrine in their souls] they themselves [the patriarchs] long for something better, that is heavenly
[in origin]. Therefore God is not ashamed to be designated their God, with the result that He has prepared a city [the New
Heavenly Jerusalem] for them.
Hebrews 11:17 By means of doctrine, Abraham, when he was being
tested [to prove his character and his ability to apply doctrine], offered up Isaac, and so, he who had received the promises
[Abrahamic Covenant], attempted to offer up [he was stopped in the process by God] his uniquely born one [Isaac was a miracle
birth when you consider the old age of his parents].
Hebrews 11:18 Toward whom
[Abraham] it had been communicated [in Gen. 21:12] that in Isaac your descendant shall be chosen,
11:19 Having calculated [ruminated on the doctrine in his soul] that the powerful God would also raise him from the dead,
because of which fact [that Isaac passed through the likeness of death] he also recovered him in the form of a type [portraying
the future death and resurrection of Christ].
Hebrews 11:20 By means of doctrine, Isaac blessed Jacob [right
hand: covenant blessings] and Esau [left hand: general blessings], even concerning things to come.
11:21 By means of doctrine, Jacob, when he was dying [dying grace], blessed both the sons of Joseph [right hand: covenant
blessings to Ephraim, left hand: general blessings to Manasseh], while he worshipped [leaning] over the top of his scepter
[staff of authority and rulership].
Hebrews 11:22 By means of doctrine, Joseph, when his end was
near [approaching death], remembered the exodus of the sons of Israel, concerning which [historical event] he even gave specific
orders regarding his bones [their transportation and burial outside of Egypt].
11:23 By means of doctrine, Moses, after he was born, was hidden [concealed from the Pharoah] for three months by his parents
[Amram and Jochebed], because they saw him [a view of the future due to the doctrine in their souls] as a pertaining to the
city child [the great deliverer]. Moreover, they were not afraid of the king’s commandment [Thutmose I decreed that
all newborn male children be killed].
Hebrews 11:24 By means of doctrine, Moses, after he had become
great, refused to be proclaimed the son [heir apparent to the throne of Egypt by adoption] of Pharoah’s daughter [Thermutis],
11:25 Choosing instead to suffer mistreatment with God’s people [the Jewish nation about to be born], than possessing
temporary pleasure from sin [fun in the Egyptian court],
Hebrews 11:26 Considering
the persecution [disgrace] concerning the Messiah greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he repeatedly focused his
attention upon a reward [remunerative justice glorifies God].
Hebrews 11:27 By means of
doctrine, he [Moses] abandoned Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king [Thutmose III: Rameses], for he endured [remained
steadfast] as long as he kept on seeing the Invisible One [the unseen Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ].
11:28 By means of doctrine, he [Moses] executed [initiated] the Passover [birth of the Jewish nation], even the sprinkling
of the blood [on the lintel and doorposts], so that the one [death angel] who destroyed the firstborn [male children] could
not touch them [those who were protected by the blood].
Hebrews 11:29 By means of
doctrine, they [the Hebrews of the exodus generation] passed through the Red Sea as if across dry land, which when the Egyptians
[field army and cavalry] made the attempt, they were overwhelmed by water [drowned].
11:30 By means of doctrine, the walls of Jericho collapsed after they had been encircled [marched around by the Jewish army]
for seven days.
Hebrews 11:31 By means of doctrine, Rahab the prostitute,
when she received [welcomed as guests] the scouts [reconnaissance spies] peacefully, did not perish with those who did not
Hebrews 11:32 So, what more can I say? For time would fail me [there’s
not enough of it on this occasion] if I continued to recount the details about [doctrinal application by] Gideon, Barak, Samson,
Jephthah, as well as David and Samuel, also the prophets,
Hebrews 11:33 Who through
doctrine, conquered kingdoms [enlarged their borders by military action], attained righteousness [supergrace status], obtained
promises [supergrace rewards], stopped the jaws of lions [Daniel],
Hebrews 11:34 Neutralized
the power of fire [Shadrach, Meshach, & Abednego in the furnace], escaped the blades of the two-edged sword, were empowered
because of genuine humility [doctrine made them supergrace warriors], became courageous in battle, routed invading armies.
Hebrews 11:35 Women [the widow of Zarephath and the Shunammite] received
their own dead [sons] by means of resuscitation [Elijah and Elisha raised them], and others were tortured [tormented and raped],
not accepting a release [deliverance in exchange for betraying friends and loved ones], so that they might attain better [supergrace
blessings] after resurrection;
Hebrews 11:36 Moreover, others received a trial [severe test]
accompanied by derisive torture [verbal mocking and scorn] and scourgings [physical whipping], as a matter of fact, even shackles
Hebrews 11:37 They [martyrs] were stoned [like Jeremiah],
sawed in half [like Isaiah], murdered by execution with a two-edged sword [like the governor of Jerusalem]; they wandered
from place to place [isolated from civilization] in sheepskins, in the skins of goats, because they were destitute [lacking
food, clothing, shelter], afflicted [mental stress and pressure], tormented [physically mistreated],
11:38 (concerning whom the world was not worthy), while they were being led about [like lost sheep being hunted by wolves]
upon deserts and mountains and in hideouts [caves] and holes [crevices] of the earth.
11:39 And so, all these people [OT heroes], who obtained a good report [high spiritual approval rating] because of doctrine
[they attained supergrace], did not obtain the promise [they received supergrace blessings in time, but not the blessings
reserved for the millennium],
Hebrews 11:40 Because something [peculiar to the Church Age
dispensation] better [baptism, indwelling & filling of the Holy Spirit] was provided by God for us [Church Age believers],
so that without us they [OT saints] could not be made complete [God would not allow them to obtain their millennial rewards
before we meet them after the rapture].
Hebrews 12:1 For this very reason [anticipation of rewards],
we [Church Age believers] also, since we have such a great host of witnesses [OT supergrace heroes] surrounding us, having
rid ourselves [rebound and keep moving] of every impediment and category of sin [mental, verbal, overt] which easily distracts,
should keep on exerting ourselves to advance [forward momentum] with perseverance with reference to the struggle [application
of doctrine according to precisely correct protocol] which has been set before us [goal or objective of the spiritual life],
12:2 By continually concentrating on [occupation with] Jesus, our Originator [positional truth] and Maturer [experiential
truth] by means of doctrine [He accomplished our justification-salvation and pioneered the protocol plan of God for our sanctification-salvation],
Who instead of the inner happiness which was present in Him [joy and contentment by utilizing the prototype divine system],
endured the cross, disregarding the shame [coming into contact with our sins and being judged by the Father], and then [after
His death, resurrection and ascension] sat down at the right hand [place of honor] of the throne of God [session].
12:3 By all means, consider the One [Jesus Christ in His humanity] Who endured [by utilizing the doctrine in His soul] such
hostility against Himself from sinners [pressure from the opposition], so that when you become faint [weary and despondent
from living in the cosmic system], you might not become exhausted in your souls [the fatigue of reversionism].
12:4 You [believers in Jerusalem in 67 A.D.] have not yet resisted to the point of blood [wounded in spiritual battle] as
you continue the struggle against the sin nature.
Hebrews 12:5 And so, you have
completely forgotten the point of doctrine [principle] which was taught to you as sons [in Proverbs 3:11-12]: My son, stop
rejecting corrective discipline [child training] from the Lord, nor become weary [discouraged & fatigued] when you are
disciplined by Him,
Hebrews 12:6 For whom the Lord loves [positive believers with
spiritual momentum], He disciplines [corrective measures]; moreover, He scourges [intensive discipline] every son whom He
accepts [reversionistic believer].
Hebrews 12:7 Keep on enduring in the face of corrective discipline;
God will deal with you as sons [fair treatment from the Supreme Court of Heaven], for what kind of son is he whom the Father
does not discipline?
Hebrews 12:8 In fact, if you are without discipline, concerning
which we [members of the royal family] have all been repeatedly participants, then you are bastards [unbelievers] and not
sons [members of the royal family of God].
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore,
on the one hand, we had parents [fathers] with reference to our flesh [human], strict disciplinarians, and we were respectful;
on the other hand, should we not to a much greater degree be under the authority of our Father with reference to our spirits,
and keep on living [a spiritual life with positive momentum]?
Hebrews 12:10 Moreover, on
the one hand, they [our parents] tried to discipline us [their children] according to the standard which was customarily recognized
[they did the best they could] for a few days [during childhood]; on the other hand, He [God the Father] on the basis of that
[divine disciplinary standard] which would confer a benefit [advantageous to us], so that we [as supergrace believers] might
receive a share in His divine character [holiness & integrity].
Hebrews 12:11 Therefore, to
be sure, each child does not consider the advantageous thing [corrective discipline] which is happening [in progress] to be
pleasant, but rather grievous. Nevertheless, afterwards [after reversion recovery], it yields a prosperous gain of righteousness
[resumption of momentum in the spiritual life] to those who have been repeatedly trained by it [positive believers].
12:12 Therefore, restore strength [reversion recovery] to hands which are drooping [lack of spiritual exercise] and knees
which are feeble [spiritually disabled],
Hebrews 12:13 And keep following straight wheel tracks [well-worn
spiritual path] with your feet [spiritual momentum], so that a sprain [crippled spiritual life] may not become a complete
dislocation [advanced stages of reversionism], but rather be restored [reversion recovery].
12:14 Keep pursuing after [advancing towards] every category of prosperity [stage of spiritual growth] that is according to
the norms and standards of the spiritual life [within the boundary of God’s protocol], apart from which [pursuit] no
one shall understand the Lord [spiritual perception],
Hebrews 12:15 Taking care [personal responsibility], so that
no one falls short of [fails to reach] the grace benefits from God [escrow blessings on the road to glory], so that no root
of bitterness ever springs up [name the sin, isolate it, and forget it] causing trouble and many [in the periphery] become
defiled because of it [cursing by association],
Hebrews 12:16 That there be no sexually immoral person or
irreligious person, like Esau, who in exchange for one meal [frantic search for happiness], sold his own right of primogeniture
[birthright of the 1st born son].
Hebrews 12:17 For you know that afterwards [too late], even
though he kept on desiring to inherit the blessing [he thought Isaac would change his mind], he was rejected; indeed, neither
did he find the possibility for a change of mind [it was a done deal], although he sought it [with great sincerity] with tears
Hebrews 12:18 By all means, you have not approached [at Mount
Sinai] that which can be touched [such as the Commandments in stone], nor burned by fire [which came out of Mount Sinai],
nor to thick darkness [corrective discipline], even unto blackness [intensive discipline], nor to the whirlwind [sin unto
Hebrews 12:19 Nor the blast of a trumpet [which announced the giving of the
law], nor the declaration of words [each commandment was shouted to the people], which they [those who were present at Mount
Sinai] who heard, begged that the word [voice of God enunciating the commandments] be nolonger spoken to them,
12:20 Because they could no longer endure that [Mosaic Law] which was being commanded: And if so much as an animal begins
to touch the mountain, it shall be stoned to death.
Hebrews 12:21 In fact, that [Mount Sinai] which was made visible
was so frightening, that Moses said: I was terrified and trembling.
Hebrews 12:22 But you are
approaching Mount Sion [representing grace, as opposed to the law at Mount Sinai], even to the city of the living God, the
heavenly [as opposed to earthly] Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels at a festive gathering,
12:23 And to the assembly of the first-born ones [Church Age believers get their resurrection bodies first], who have been
recorded in the heavens [registered as members of the royal family], and to God [the Father], the Judge over all [humans and
angels], and to the spirits of justified ones who have been completed [OT believers in heaven waiting for their resurrection
Hebrews 12:24 And to the Mediator [God is propitiated toward men and men
are reconciled to God] of a new covenant, Jesus, and to the blood [representative analogy for the spiritual death of Christ]
of sprinkling [looking back to the Holy of Holies] which communicates better things than Abel [his sacrifice].
12:25 Keep on making sure [with a watchful eye] that you do not turn away from the One [Jesus Christ] who continues to communicate
[He spoke the commandments at Sinai, He speaks today through His Word, and He will speak again during the Millennium], for
if those [at Mount Sinai] who turned away did not escape from the One [Jesus Christ] who spoke upon the earth, to a greater
degree we [members of the royal family] who have turned away from communication from the heavens [rejected Bible doctrine],
12:26 Whose voice [Jesus Christ] then [at Mount Sinai] shook the earth [there was a literal earthquake as well as His words
shaking their souls], but now He Himself has promised [in Haggai 2:6], saying: Once more [during the tribulation] I will shake
not only the earth, but also the heaven.
Hebrews 12:27 Moreover, this [promise concerning the baptism
of fire] once again indicates the removal [transformation] of those things [heaven and earth] which can be shaken [human good,
dead works], in the same manner as when they were created, so that those things [new heavens and new earth] which cannot be
shaken may remain [divine good receives rewards].
Hebrews 12:28 Therefore, since we [Church Age believers] have
obtained an immovable royal power [sphere of divine power], let us keep on obtaining grace [striving to live the spiritual
life by precisely correct protocol], by means of which [residence and function inside the sphere of royal power] we may keep
on serving God in an acceptable manner, with reverence [occupation with Christ] and awe [fellowship with the Father],
12:29 For our God is in fact a consuming fire [divine justice condemns human good and burns it at the Judgment Seat of Christ].
13:1 Let brother-love [Christian] continue.
Hebrews 13:2 Stop neglecting hospitality [to fellow believers],
because by this, some have unknowingly entertained angels.
Hebrews 13:3 Keep remembering
[by intercessory prayer] prisoners [who have been jailed for the stand for Christ] as though you were fellow prisoners, and
those who suffer adversity [around A.D. 67] as being yourselves in the body.
13:4 Marriage is honorable in every way and the marriage-bed [sex life] should remain undefiled, for God will punish sexually
immoral persons [illicit premarital sex] and adulterers [illicit postmarital sex].
13:5 Maintain a way of life [pattern of thinking] without the love of money [greed], being content with the things [and people]
which are at your disposal, (for He Himself said in the past with the result that it stands written today [in Joshua 1:5]:
I will never ever abandon nor desert you [divine faithfulness]),
Hebrews 13:6 So that we [supergrace
believers] can say with confidence [quoting Psalm 118:6]: The Lord is my helper, therefore I will not fear what man may do
Hebrews 13:7 Keep remembering those [pastors & teachers] who lead you
[by authoritative teaching], who by their nature [the quality of their spiritual office] have communicated the Word of God
to you [consistent Bible teaching], whose doctrine should be continually emulated [application], after considering the issue
of their way of life [examining his spiritual priorities].
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ
is the same [immutability]: yesterday [prior dispensations] and today [during the Church Age] and unto the ages [all future
Hebrews 13:9 Stop being carried away [they have been seduced
into reversionism] with ambiguous [deceitful] and strange [new age] teachings, for it is a good thing for the mentality of
the soul to be established [stabilized] with grace teaching [doctrines of grace], not with filth [rotten food], in which no
one has received profit [spiritual benefit] by walking in.
13:10 We [royal priesthood of Church Age believers] have an altar [the throne of grace] from which they [the Levitical priesthood]
who serve the tabernacle have no authorization [right] to partake.
Hebrews 13:11 For the carcasses
of those animals, whose blood [representing the spiritual death of Christ] is carried into the Holies by the high priest on
behalf of sin, are burned [representing the physical death of Christ on the cross] outside the camp.
13:12 For this reason, Jesus also [in the same manner as the animal sacrifices], so that He might sanctify His people by means
of His own blood [representative analogy for His spiritual death on the cross], suffered [crucifixion] outside the city gate
[as was the custom].
Hebrews 13:13 So, let us meet face-to-face with Him outside
outside the camp [separation from organized religion], enduring His reproach [insults & persecution],
13:14 For here [on earth], we have no city for continuous living, but we continually seek after the one [the heavenly city,
the New Jerusalem] which is destined to come.
Hebrews 13:15 Therefore, let us keep on offering a spiritual
sacrifice [function of the royal priesthood] of praise [appreciation of Christ expressed from the altar of Bible doctrine
in your soul] to God [the Father] through Him [Jesus Christ] through everything [every occasion], this [sacrificial praise]
being fruit from lips which make it a practice to acknowledge His Name [occupation with Christ].
13:16 Moreover, do not neglect honorable service [the believer’s ambassadorship function] and fellowship [communion
with the Trinity], for God is well-pleased with such spiritual sacrifices.
13:17 Keep on putting your trust in [academic discipline] those [pastors & teachers] who lead [train] you and make it
a habit to submit to their authority [in the local assembly], because they keep continual watch over your souls, as one who
will render an account [at the Evaluation Seat of Christ], so that they might do this with inner happiness [knowing that
you have grown to spiritual maturity] and not by means of groaning [because you are in reversionism], for this [sorry
spiritual state] is unprofitable [disastrous] for you.
13:18 Keep on praying for us [intercessory], for we have been convinced that we should by necessity [because we are teachers]
possess a good conscience [according to divine norms and standards], desiring to conduct ourselves appropriately [with integrity]
in all things.
Hebrews 13:19 Moreover, I encourage you all the more to start
doing this [intercessory prayer], so that I might be restored to you [in Jerusalem] without delay.
13:20 Now, may the God [the Father] of prosperity [spiritual blessings], Who brought our Lord Jesus out from deaths [both
spiritual and physical], (the Great Shepherd of His sheep with the blood [representative analogy for the spiritual death of
Christ] of the eternal covenant [between God the Father and Jesus Christ, not between God and man]),
13:21 Bring you to spiritual maturity so that you may execute His [the Father’s] will in all good things [meeting divine
standards in both priesthood and ambassadorship functions], continually executing a satisfactory thing [according to divine
standards] before Him [the Father] in us through Jesus Christ, to Whom [Jesus Christ] be glory unto the ages of the ages [eternity
future]. Acknowledge it.
Hebrews 13:22 Furthermore, I keep urging you brethren: Be
listening willingly to this treatise [doctrine] on exhortation [experiential sanctification], in as much as I have instructed
you through a few words [brief letter].
Hebrews 13:23 You must [probably] know our brother, Timothy,
who has been released [freed from a Roman prison], with whom, if he arrives without delay [in the unknown Italian city where
Paul is residing], I will see you [depends on whether Timothy gets there before Paul has to leave].
13:24 Salute [pay your respects to] all those [pastors and teachers] who rule over [guide] you, also all the saints. Those
from Italy salute you [mutual respect].
Hebrews 13:25 Grace be with you all.
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Hebrews: Word Studies in the NT, Marvin R. Vincent, 1980,
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Meaning of Scripture, J. DeYoung & S. Hurty, 1995, Vision House Publishing
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From Lectures on the Epistle to the Hebrews; Notes on the Epistle to the Hebrews; Brief Analysis of the Epistle to the Hebrews
in Connection with the Priesthood of Christ: With Reply to Some Tracts on the Latter Subjects; The Aaronic and Melchisedec
Priesthood; The Melchisedec Priesthood of Christ; John Nelson Darby, Stem Publishing
Rest and Redemption, Neils-Erik Andreasen, 1978, Berrien Springs
Superiority Over Moses in Hebrews 3:1-6, Brett R. Scott, 1998, BibSac
The Promise Theme
and the Theology of Rest (1973); The Promised Land: A Biblical-Historical View (1981); Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., BibSac
Typology of Scripture, Patrick Fairbairn, 1900, New York & London
John Piper, 1996, Multnomah Books
Grace: The Glorious Theme, Lewis S. Chafer,
2002, Academie Books: Zondervan
The Holy Spirit in Your Teaching, Roy
B. Zuck, 1984, Victor Books
The Old Testament Background of Rest in Hebrews 3:7-4:11,
Randall C. Gleason, 2000, Bibliotheca Sacra
The Levitical Offerings, Harry A. Ironside,
1979, Loizeaux Brothers
Salvation, Earl D. Radmacher, 2000, Word Publishing
Glory of the Atonement, Simon Kistemaker, James I. Packer, 2004, InterVarsity Press
I Am Not An Arminian, Robert A. Peterson, Michael D. Willams, 2004, InterVarsity Press
If It Yields Thorns and Thistles: An Exposition of Hebrews 5:11-6:12, J. Paul Tanner, 2001, Jordan Evangelical Theological
Seminary, Amman Jordan
Apostasy As A Motif and Its Effect on the Structure of Hebrews,
George E. Rice, 1985, Andrews University Press
Studies in the Epistle to the Hebrews,
George Henderson, B. McCall Barbour
Fidelity to God: Perseverance in Hebrews
in Light of the Reciprocity Systems of the Ancient Mediterranean World, Jason Whitlark, 2006, PhD Dissertation: Baylor University
Epistle to the Hebrews, Cornelius R. Stam, 1991, Berean Literature Foundation
Shadow to Substance, Roy Hession, 1977, Christian Literature Crusade
Religious Ritual or Spiritual Reality? Charles F. Baker, 1991, Grace Publications, Inc.
Theology of the New Testament, Charles C. Ryrie, 1982, Moody Press
Jesus as Royal
Priest: Reflections on the Interpretation of the Melchizedek Tradition in Heb 7, D.W. Rooke, Biblica 81 (2000): 81-94.
and Law: Contrast or Continuum? Daniel P. Fuller, 1980, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
To Come, J. Dwight Pentecost, 1981, Zondervan Publishing House
Christ, the Believer’s
High Priest: An Exposition of Hebrews 7:26-28, David J. MacLeod, Bibliotheca Sacra, July-Sept 2005
Priest Jesus, Robert A. Palculict, 2006, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
Was Melchisedek? T.E.P. Woods, 1940, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
Jesus: An Exgetical and Hermeneutical Study of Hebrews 7, Michael S. Beates, 1988, Thesis: Biblical Theological Seminary
Truth, Clarence Larkin, 1920, Larkin Estate
There Really Is A Difference! A Comparison
of Covenant and Dispensational Theology, Renald E. Showers, 1993, The Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry, Inc.
Kingdom Come: Tracing God’s Kingdom Program and Covenant Promises Throughout History, J. Dwight Pentecost, 1990, Victor
The Greatness of the Kingdom: An Inductive Study of the Kingdom of God,
Alva J. McClain, 1980, BMH Books
The Restoration of Israel, Erroll Hulse,
1982, Henry E. Walter LTD
The Mosaic Covenant, William D. Barrick, 1999, The Master’s
Contemporary Dispensationalism, Elliot E. Johnson, 1999, Kregel
Issues in Dispensationalism, Wesley R. Willis, John R. Master, 1994,
A Critical Evaluation of the Use of the Abrahamic Covenant in Dispensationalism,
John P. Davis, 1990, Westminister Theological Seminary
The New Covenant,
Larry D. Pettegrew, 1999, The Master’s Seminary Journal
What is the Relationship
of the Church to the New Covenant? Andy Woods
Reconstructing a Biblical Model for Giving:
A Discussion of Relevant Systematic Issues and
New Testament Principles, Andreas J. Kostenberger & David
A. Croteau, 2006, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
of the New Covenant, Steven C. Peltonen, 1984, Dallas Theological Seminary
Relation of the New Covenant to the Church Age, Guy L. Rathmell, 1974, Grace Theological Seminary
Lord’s Supper as a Covenant Meal in 1 Corinthians 11:17-34, William C. Laughlin, Jr., 1983, Dallas Theological Seminary
Spirituality, A.E. Knoch, 1996, Concordant Newsletter
Notes on the Epistle
to the Hebrews, F.W. Grant
Figures of Speech Used in the Bible, E.W. Bullinger, 1993,
Baker Book House
Three Central Issues in Contemporary Dispensationalism, Elliott
E. Johnson, 1999, Kregel Publications
Major Bible Themes, Chafer & Walvoord,
1976, Zondervan Publishers
Definite Atonement, Gary D. Long, 2006, New Covenant Media
Millennial Kingdom, John F. Walvoord, 1978, Zondervan Publishing House
and a Future for Israel, Ronald W. Pierce, 1994, JETS
The Two-Fold Purpose
of God, C.R. Stam, 1999, Berean Bible Society
Basic Bible Interpretation, Roy B. Zuck,
1991, Victor Books
Absolutely Free, Zane Hodges, 1989, Zondervan Books
Life in Palestine At the Time of Christ, Henri Daniel-Rops, 1988, Phoenix Press
Great Cloud of Witnesses: Being A Series of Papers on Hebrews XI, E.W. Bullinger, 1956, The Lamp Press Ltd
The Grace New Testament Commentary, J. Paul Tanner, 2010, Grace Evangelical Society