2 Thess. 1:1 Paul
and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church [royal family] of the Thessalonians [which is] in God our Father and the Lord Jesus
Christ [positional truth].
2 Thess. 1:2 Grace to you and prosperity from God the Father
and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Thess. 1:3 We [Paul, Silvanus,
and Timothy] are obligated [as supergrace believers] to continually thank [express gratitude] God concerning you, brethren
[members of the royal family], whenever the occasion is fitting and proper, because your doctrine [intake, metabolization
and application of the Truth] is growing abundantly and your virtue love is increasing beyond measure [advanced impersonal
love], each one of you all towards another of the same kind [fellow believers].
Thess. 1:4 So that as a result we ourselves [Paul’s missionary team] boast about you [your spiritual momentum] in the
assemblies of God [outside the geographical area of Thessalonica] concering your patient endurance [faith rest technique]
and doctrinal application [utilization of other spiritual problem-solving devices] during all kinds of persecutions [outside
pressures in life] and tribulations [sufferings] which you [personally, individually] are continually enduring [suffering
2 Thess. 1:5 Which [sufferings] are evidence of the righteous
[accurate] evaluation of God [which determines blessings in time and for eternity], so that you may be considered worthy of
the Kingdom of God [by showing the Lord that you are living experientially to the high standards of your position in the kingdom],
on behalf of which [variable status in the Kingdom of God] you are also suffering,
Thess. 1:6 Since it is just in the judgment of God [divine policy] to return affliction [distress & suffering] to those
[reversionists & unbelievers] who put pressure on [trouble, antagonize] you.
Thess. 1:7 And to you [positive believers] who are receiving unjust pressure [distress & persecution], be relaxed with
us [Paul, Silvanus & Timothy] in the future revelation [at the 2nd Advent] of the Lord Jesus from heaven accompanied by
His mighty angels [anticipating the strategic victory in the angelic conflict],
Thess. 1:8 In the sphere of a flaming fire [baptism of fire: burning of the tares], inflicting punishment [eternal] upon those
[unbelievers] who do not acknowledge God and who do not accept the gospel of our Lord Jesus,
2 Thess. 1:9 Who will suffer punishment, eternal [perpetual] agony away from
the face of the Lord [outer darkness] and away from the glory [shared happiness] of His power,
2 Thess. 1:10 When He shall return to be glorified [honored] by His saints
[during the millennium] and to be admired by all those who believed in that day [during the tribulation]. Because our testimony
was believed by you [Thessalonian believers],
Thess. 1:11 For that reason [out of responsibility for your spiritual welfare] we also continue to pray on every occasion
concerning you, that our God may consider you worthy [due to the doctrine in your soul] of your calling [positional truth:
election] and might fill up your deficiency [experiential truth] with every beneficial thing [categorical doctrines that you
need to advance to the next stage of the spiritual life], generously and doctrinally produced in the sphere of [divine] power,
2 Thess. 1:12 In order that
the character [nature, person] of our Lord Jesus might be glorified in you [by your supergrace status], and you in it [residence
and function inside the sphere of divine power], according to the grace [norms & standards] of our God, even the Lord
2 Thess. 2:1 Now, I am urgently
requesting you, brethren [members of the royal family], concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ [at the rapture] and
our assembling [gathered together in the air] around Him,
Thess. 2:2 That you stop being so quickly agitated [hypersensitive due to reactor factors] as a result of your thoughts [wrong
understanding] nor be alarmed [emotionally upset], neither by [demonic] spirit nor by [false] doctrine nor by [forged] letter
alleged to be from us, on the pretext that the Day of the Lord [emphasis on the tribulation] has arrived and is in progress
at this very moment.
2 Thess. 2:3 Do not allow
anyone to deceive you, not under any circumstances [demon spirits, false doctrine, forged letter, etc.], because [the Day
of the Lord will not come] not until the rebellion has come first [general apostasy of the church] and the man of lawlessness
[personification of wickedness: the Antichrist], the son of perdition [indwelled by Satan, destined for hell], has finally
2 Thess. 2:4 Who opposes [as
an enemy] and exalts himself [with presumptuous pride] above everything declared and maintained according to God [divine viewpoint],
with the result that he displays [exhibits] himself as an object of worship in the [Tribulation] temple of God, proclaiming
that he himself is God [presents himself as the messiah].
Thess. 2:5 Don’t you remember that when I was still face-to-face with you, I taught you these things [eschatological
2 Thess. 2:6 Therefore, now
you should know beyond a shadow of a doubt [due to the repetitive nature of Paul’s teaching] the reason why it [the
rapture] is continuing to hold back: so that he [the Antichrist] might be revealed in his own appointed time [at the close
of the Church Age].
2 Thess. 2:7 For the mystery
of lawlessness [intensification of rebellion and iniquity at the end of the Church Age] is already operating [working powerfully
in this dispensation]. He alone [the Holy Spirit] is restraining [lawlessness] at the present time and will continue to restrain
[lawlessness] until He removes Himself from the midst [of the world].
Thess. 2:8 And at that time [after the rapture and the removal of the Holy Spirit], the lawless one [the Antichrist] shall
be revealed, who the Lord Jesus shall consume [put to death] by the breath [Word] of His mouth and shall destroy [dethrone
his powers of evil and lawlessness] by the sudden appearance of His coming [at the 2nd advent],
2 Thess. 2:9 Whose coming [appearance of the Antichrist on earth] is according
to the [indwelling] power of Satan in the sphere of all kinds of supernatural power and miraculous signs and lying wonders
2 Thess. 2:10 And in the sphere
of every kind of wicked deception [spiritual delusion] towards those [engaged in false religion] who are perishing, against
those who did not embrace the love of the truth [gospel doctrine] with the result that they might be saved.
2 Thess. 2:11 And because of this [rejection of gospel doctrine], God will
send them a powerful delusion with the result that they will believe his [the Antichrist’s] lie [false teaching],
2 Thess. 2:12 In order that everyone is judged who did not believe the truth
[gospel doctrine] but instead took delight in wickedness.
Thess. 2:13 But as for us [believers], we are obligated to continually thank God always concerning you, brethren [members
of the royal family] loved by the Lord, because God chose you [divine election] from the beginning [eternity past] for the
purpose of salvation [positional truth] by means of the sanctification of the Spirit [initial placement into Christ] and belief
of the truth [gospel doctrine],
Thess. 2:14 Into which [salvation] He called you [by divine election] through our [the apostle’s] good news [gospel
preaching], with reference to the possession of the glory [resurrection life] of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Thess. 2:15 Consequently, therefore, brethren [members of the royal family],
stand fast under pressure and hold fast to the categories of doctrine which you were taught either by word [orally] or by
our letter [non-face-to-face writing].
Thess. 2:16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, Who loved us and gave us eternal encouragement and perfect
confidence in the sphere of grace [eternal security],
Thess. 2:17 Comfort the mentality of your souls and stabilize them in the sphere of all production [ambassadorship function]
and beneficial doctrine [priestly function].
Thess. 3:1 Finally, brethren [members of the royal family], keep on praying for us [Paul, Silvanus & Timothy], so that
the Word of the Lord [Bible doctrine] might continue to make progress [enable the communicators to charge forward into the
spiritual battle] and keep on being glorified [honored in the hearer’s spiritual life] even as it has been in the past
and continues to be with you,
2 Thess. 3:2 And that we may be delivered from dangerous [reversionistic
believers] and evil [wicked unbelievers] men, since doctrine is not correctly understood or applied by everyone.
2 Thess. 3:3 But the Lord is faithful [dependable], Who shall stabilize and
protect you [through Bible doctrine] from the evil one [Satan].
Thess. 3:4 Moreover, we have confidence in the Lord regarding you, that you will both do and continue to do that [application
of Bible doctrine] which we have repeatedly commanded [strict orders for living the spiritual life].
Thess. 3:5 And may the Lord [Holy Spirit] direct [guide into correct application] the mentality of your souls into the virtue
love of God [the Father] and into the patient endurance of Christ [two important problem-solving devices].
2 Thess. 3:6 Now, we command you, brethren [members of the royal family],
in the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ [appealing to divine authority], that you withdraw yourself [separate mentally or physically]
from every brother [Christian] who makes it a habit to walk idly and unruly [in monetary reversionism] and not according to
the tradition [doctrinal teachings] which you received from us.
Thess. 3:7 For you yourselves know how advantageous it is to follow our example, because we did not behave inappropriately
among you [abusing our authority by taking your hard-earned money],
Thess. 3:8 Neither did we eat anyone’s bread without paying [we weren’t moochers], but instead we worked in weariness
and hardship night and day, so that we would not be a burden on any of you [weigh you down financially],
2 Thess. 3:9 Not because we don’t have the authority [we have the right
to collect a grace offering for our work], but so that we might give ourselves to you as an example [pattern] for to follow
2 Thess. 3:10 For even when
we were with you face-to-face, we gave strict orders to you, that if anyone [believer] did not want to work for a living [refused
to obtain and hold down a job], let him not even eat [maybe starvation will encourage him to get a job].
2 Thess. 3:11 For we hear now and then that some [fellow believers] are walking
among you in a lazy and unruly manner, not working for a living [thumbing their nose at customary life], but are busy at doing
nothing [sponging off others and interfering with their business].
Thess. 3:12 Now to those who are of this type [lazy and unruly believers], we give strict orders as well as encouragement
in the Lord Jesus Christ [authority orientation], that they return to working for a living with quietness [resume their disciplined,
routine life in virtue love], with the result that they are eating their own bread [no longer a burden on family and friends].
2 Thess. 3:13 But, as for you, brethren [hard-working, charitable believers],
do not become discouraged by doing what is honorable in life [work is your full-time Christian service and potential mission
2 Thess. 3:14 Moreover, if
anyone does not obey our doctrine [rejects apostolic authority] through this letter [which eventually becomes part of the
canon of Scripture], take note of [mark as a troublemaker] and do not associate [socialize] with him, in order that he might
become ashamed [change his direction in life].
Thess. 3:15 However, do not consider him [the lazy and unruly believer] as an enemy, but admonish him [with doctrinal rationales]
as a brother [fellow Christian].
Thess. 3:16 Now, may the Lord of peace [tranquility] Himself give you that peace through all [doctrine] in every circumstance.
May the Lord be with you all.
Thess. 3:17 This greeting is by my hand, Paul, which is my official signature on every letter [compare it to the forged signatures
you have seen]. I am in the habit of writing in this manner [dictating the rest to an amanuensis].
2 Thess. 3:18 May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.
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1982, Word Books Publisher
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on 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Mal Couch, 2001, AMG Publishers
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2 Thessalonians, W.R. Nicoll, 2002, Hendrickson Publishers
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Punishment, Arthur W. Pink, Reiner Publications
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1979, Zondervan Books
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and Salvation, Robert P. Lightner, 1991, Thomas Nelson Publishers
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2000, Baker Books
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The Ethics of Redistribution, Bertrand
de Jouvenel, 1990, Liberty Press
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