ATTENTION BIBLE STUDENTS:

My translation of this book from the original languages is provided below. Everything inside brackets is commentary that is meant to assist the reader in understanding certain doctrines and concepts germaine to the context.

 

2 Thess. 1:1 Paul and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church [royal family] of the Thessalonians [which is] in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ [positional truth].  

 

2 Thess. 1:2 Grace to you and prosperity from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.   

 

2 Thess. 1:3 We [Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy] are obligated [as supergrace believers] to continually thank [express gratitude] God concerning you, brethren [members of the royal family], whenever the occasion is fitting and proper, because your doctrine [intake, metabolization and application of the Truth] is growing abundantly and your virtue love is increasing beyond measure [advanced impersonal love], each one of you all towards another of the same kind [fellow believers].   

 

2 Thess. 1:4 So that as a result we ourselves [Paul’s missionary team] boast about you [your spiritual momentum] in the assemblies of God [outside the geographical area of Thessalonica] concering your patient endurance [faith rest technique] and doctrinal application [utilization of other spiritual problem-solving devices] during all kinds of persecutions [outside pressures in life] and tribulations [sufferings] which you [personally, individually] are continually enduring [suffering for blessing],   

 

2 Thess. 1:5 Which [sufferings] are evidence of the righteous [accurate] evaluation of God [which determines blessings in time and for eternity], so that you may be considered worthy of the Kingdom of God [by showing the Lord that you are living experientially to the high standards of your position in the kingdom], on behalf of which [variable status in the Kingdom of God] you are also suffering,   

 

2 Thess. 1:6 Since it is just in the judgment of God [divine policy] to return affliction [distress & suffering] to those [reversionists & unbelievers] who put pressure on [trouble, antagonize] you.    

 

2 Thess. 1:7 And to you [positive believers] who are receiving unjust pressure [distress & persecution], be relaxed with us [Paul, Silvanus & Timothy] in the future revelation [at the 2nd Advent] of the Lord Jesus from heaven accompanied by His mighty angels [anticipating the strategic victory in the angelic conflict],    

 

2 Thess. 1:8 In the sphere of a flaming fire [baptism of fire: burning of the tares], inflicting punishment [eternal] upon those [unbelievers] who do not acknowledge God and who do not accept the gospel of our Lord Jesus,     

 

2 Thess. 1:9 Who will suffer punishment, eternal [perpetual] agony away from the face of the Lord [outer darkness] and away from the glory [shared happiness] of His power,      

 

2 Thess. 1:10 When He shall return to be glorified [honored] by His saints [during the millennium] and to be admired by all those who believed in that day [during the tribulation]. Because our testimony was believed by you [Thessalonian believers],     

 

2 Thess. 1:11 For that reason [out of responsibility for your spiritual welfare] we also continue to pray on every occasion concerning you, that our God may consider you worthy [due to the doctrine in your soul] of your calling [positional truth: election] and might fill up your deficiency [experiential truth] with every beneficial thing [categorical doctrines that you need to advance to the next stage of the spiritual life], generously and doctrinally produced in the sphere of [divine] power,     

2 Thess. 1:12 In order that the character [nature, person] of our Lord Jesus might be glorified in you [by your supergrace status], and you in it [residence and function inside the sphere of divine power], according to the grace [norms & standards] of our God, even the Lord Jesus Christ.     

 

2 Thess. 2:1 Now, I am urgently requesting you, brethren [members of the royal family], concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ [at the rapture] and our assembling [gathered together in the air] around Him,      

 

2 Thess. 2:2 That you stop being so quickly agitated [hypersensitive due to reactor factors] as a result of your thoughts [wrong understanding] nor be alarmed [emotionally upset], neither by [demonic] spirit nor by [false] doctrine nor by [forged] letter alleged to be from us, on the pretext that the Day of the Lord [emphasis on the tribulation] has arrived and is in progress at this very moment.     

 

2 Thess. 2:3 Do not allow anyone to deceive you, not under any circumstances [demon spirits, false doctrine, forged letter, etc.], because [the Day of the Lord will not come] not until the rebellion has come first [general apostasy of the church] and the man of lawlessness [personification of wickedness: the Antichrist], the son of perdition [indwelled by Satan, destined for hell], has finally been revealed,      

 

2 Thess. 2:4 Who opposes [as an enemy] and exalts himself [with presumptuous pride] above everything declared and maintained according to God [divine viewpoint], with the result that he displays [exhibits] himself as an object of worship in the [Tribulation] temple of God, proclaiming that he himself is God [presents himself as the messiah].     

 

2 Thess. 2:5 Don’t you remember that when I was still face-to-face with you, I taught you these things [eschatological doctrines]?     

 

2 Thess. 2:6 Therefore, now you should know beyond a shadow of a doubt [due to the repetitive nature of Paul’s teaching] the reason why it [the rapture] is continuing to hold back: so that he [the Antichrist] might be revealed in his own appointed time [at the close of the Church Age].      

 

2 Thess. 2:7 For the mystery of lawlessness [intensification of rebellion and iniquity at the end of the Church Age] is already operating [working powerfully in this dispensation]. He alone [the Holy Spirit] is restraining [lawlessness] at the present time and will continue to restrain [lawlessness] until He removes Himself from the midst [of the world].      

 

2 Thess. 2:8 And at that time [after the rapture and the removal of the Holy Spirit], the lawless one [the Antichrist] shall be revealed, who the Lord Jesus shall consume [put to death] by the breath [Word] of His mouth and shall destroy [dethrone his powers of evil and lawlessness] by the sudden appearance of His coming [at the 2nd advent],      

 

2 Thess. 2:9 Whose coming [appearance of the Antichrist on earth] is according to the [indwelling] power of Satan in the sphere of all kinds of supernatural power and miraculous signs and lying wonders [events],       

 

2 Thess. 2:10 And in the sphere of every kind of wicked deception [spiritual delusion] towards those [engaged in false religion] who are perishing, against those who did not embrace the love of the truth [gospel doctrine] with the result that they might be saved.      

 

2 Thess. 2:11 And because of this [rejection of gospel doctrine], God will send them a powerful delusion with the result that they will believe his [the Antichrist’s] lie [false teaching],      

 

2 Thess. 2:12 In order that everyone is judged who did not believe the truth [gospel doctrine] but instead took delight in wickedness.       

 

2 Thess. 2:13 But as for us [believers], we are obligated to continually thank God always concerning you, brethren [members of the royal family] loved by the Lord, because God chose you [divine election] from the beginning [eternity past] for the purpose of salvation [positional truth] by means of the sanctification of the Spirit [initial placement into Christ] and belief of the truth [gospel doctrine],       

 

2 Thess. 2:14 Into which [salvation] He called you [by divine election] through our [the apostle’s] good news [gospel preaching], with reference to the possession of the glory [resurrection life] of our Lord Jesus Christ.        

 

2 Thess. 2:15 Consequently, therefore, brethren [members of the royal family], stand fast under pressure and hold fast to the categories of doctrine which you were taught either by word [orally] or by our letter [non-face-to-face writing].         

 

2 Thess. 2:16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, Who loved us and gave us eternal encouragement and perfect confidence in the sphere of grace [eternal security],         

 

2 Thess. 2:17 Comfort the mentality of your souls and stabilize them in the sphere of all production [ambassadorship function] and beneficial doctrine [priestly function].         

 

2 Thess. 3:1 Finally, brethren [members of the royal family], keep on praying for us [Paul, Silvanus & Timothy], so that the Word of the Lord [Bible doctrine] might continue to make progress [enable the communicators to charge forward into the spiritual battle] and keep on being glorified [honored in the hearer’s spiritual life] even as it has been in the past and continues to be with you,

 

2 Thess. 3:2 And that we may be delivered from dangerous [reversionistic believers] and evil [wicked unbelievers] men, since doctrine is not correctly understood or applied by everyone. 

 

2 Thess. 3:3 But the Lord is faithful [dependable], Who shall stabilize and protect you [through Bible doctrine] from the evil one [Satan]. 

 

2 Thess. 3:4 Moreover, we have confidence in the Lord regarding you, that you will both do and continue to do that [application of Bible doctrine] which we have repeatedly commanded [strict orders for living the spiritual life]. 

 

2 Thess. 3:5 And may the Lord [Holy Spirit] direct [guide into correct application] the mentality of your souls into the virtue love of God [the Father] and into the patient endurance of Christ [two important problem-solving devices].  

 

2 Thess. 3:6 Now, we command you, brethren [members of the royal family], in the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ [appealing to divine authority], that you withdraw yourself [separate mentally or physically] from every brother [Christian] who makes it a habit to walk idly and unruly [in monetary reversionism] and not according to the tradition [doctrinal teachings] which you received from us.  

 

2 Thess. 3:7 For you yourselves know how advantageous it is to follow our example, because we did not behave inappropriately among you [abusing our authority by taking your hard-earned money],   

 

2 Thess. 3:8 Neither did we eat anyone’s bread without paying [we weren’t moochers], but instead we worked in weariness and hardship night and day, so that we would not be a burden on any of you [weigh you down financially],    

 

2 Thess. 3:9 Not because we don’t have the authority [we have the right to collect a grace offering for our work], but so that we might give ourselves to you as an example [pattern] for to follow [imitate].     

 

2 Thess. 3:10 For even when we were with you face-to-face, we gave strict orders to you, that if anyone [believer] did not want to work for a living [refused to obtain and hold down a job], let him not even eat [maybe starvation will encourage him to get a job].      

 

2 Thess. 3:11 For we hear now and then that some [fellow believers] are walking among you in a lazy and unruly manner, not working for a living [thumbing their nose at customary life], but are busy at doing nothing [sponging off others and interfering with their business].      

 

2 Thess. 3:12 Now to those who are of this type [lazy and unruly believers], we give strict orders as well as encouragement in the Lord Jesus Christ [authority orientation], that they return to working for a living with quietness [resume their disciplined, routine life in virtue love], with the result that they are eating their own bread [no longer a burden on family and friends].       

 

2 Thess. 3:13 But, as for you, brethren [hard-working, charitable believers], do not become discouraged by doing what is honorable in life [work is your full-time Christian service and potential mission field].       

 

2 Thess. 3:14 Moreover, if anyone does not obey our doctrine [rejects apostolic authority] through this letter [which eventually becomes part of the canon of Scripture], take note of [mark as a troublemaker] and do not associate [socialize] with him, in order that he might become ashamed [change his direction in life].        

 

2 Thess. 3:15 However, do not consider him [the lazy and unruly believer] as an enemy, but admonish him [with doctrinal rationales] as a brother [fellow Christian].         

 

2 Thess. 3:16 Now, may the Lord of peace [tranquility] Himself give you that peace through all [doctrine] in every circumstance. May the Lord be with you all.        

 

2 Thess. 3:17 This greeting is by my hand, Paul, which is my official signature on every letter [compare it to the forged signatures you have seen]. I am in the habit of writing in this manner [dictating the rest to an amanuensis].         

 

2 Thess. 3:18 May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.          

 

 

Resources

 

1 & 2 Thessalonians, Word Biblical Commentary, F.F. Bruce, 1982, Word Books Publisher

 

Commentary on the Epistle to the Thessalonians, Charles John Ellicott, 1957, Zondervan Publishing House

 

Exploring 1 & 2 Thessalonians, The Expository Commentary, John Phillips, 2005, Kregel Publications

 

The Hope of Christ’s Return: Premillennial Commentary on 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Mal Couch, 2001, AMG Publishers

 

The First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians, Leon Morris, 1975, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

 

The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians, Oliver B. Greene, 1964, The Gospel Hour Inc.

 

1 and 2 Thessalonians, David J. Williams, 1994, Hendrickson Publishers

 

1 & 2 Thessalonians, Harry A. Ironside, 1997, Loizeaux

 

Thessalonians, Robert Govett, 1985, Conley & Schoettle Publishing

 

The Thessalonian Epistles, John F. Walvoord, 1976, Zondervan Publishing House

 

First and Second Thessalonians, Charles C. Ryrie, 1959, Moody Press

 

The Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians, Charles R. Erdman, 1966, Westminister Press

 

The Pulpit Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, P.J. Gloag, T. Croskery, B.C. Caffin, W.F. Adeney, R. Finlayson, 1962, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, A.E. Knoch, 1986, Concordant Publishing Concern

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, Matthew Henry, 2001, Hendrickson Publishers

 

Reign of the Servant Kings, Joseph Dillow, 1992, Schoettle Publishing

 

For Whom Did Christ Die? R.B. Kuiper, 1982, Baker Books

 

Word Pictures in 2 Thessalonians, A.T. Robertson, 1931, Baker Book House

 

Bible Knowledge Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, Thomas Constable, 1983, Chariot Victor Publishing

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, John Calvin, 2003, Baker Book House

 

The Expositor’s Greek Testament: 2 Thessalonians, W.R. Nicoll, 2002, Hendrickson Publishers

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, R. Jamieson, 2002, Hendrickson Publishers

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians, J. Vernon, McGee, 1983, Thomas Nelson Publishers

 

The Integrity of God; Christian Suffering; Reversionism; Christian Integrity; Anti-Semitism; The Divine Outline of History, R.B. Thieme, Jr., 1998

 

Word Studies in Thessalonians, Marvin Vincent, 1946, Charles Scribner’s Sons

 

Commentary on 2 Thessalonians: The Abingdom Bible Commentary, C. McCown, 1957, Doubleday Galilee Books

 

Word Meanings in 2 Thessalonians, Ralph Earle, 1994, Baker Books

 

The Glory of the Atonement, Richard Gaffin, 2004, InterVarsity Press

 

Everlasting Punishment, Arthur W. Pink, Reiner Publications

 

No Place For Truth, Or Whatever Happened to Evangelical Theology? David F. Wells, 1993, William B. Eerdmans Publishing

 

The Days of Noah and Their Prophetic Message for Today, M.R. DeHaan, 1979, Zondervan Books

 

The Conflict From Eden To Eternity, Jared F. Gerig, 1990, Bethel Publishing

 

The Conflict of the Ages: The Mystery of Lawlessness, Its Origin, Historic Development and Coming Defeat, Arno C. Gaebelein, 1933, Publication Office “Our Hope”

 

In Defense of Theology, Gordon H. Clark, 1984, Mott Media

 

Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, Harold W. Hoehner, 1977, Zondrevan

 

By His Grace and For His Glory, Thomas J. Nettles, 1986, Baker Book House

 

The Doctrines of Grace: Rediscovering the Evangelical Gospel, James M. Boice & Philip G. Ryken, 2002, Crossway Books

 

Sin, The Savior, and Salvation, Robert P. Lightner, 1991, Thomas Nelson Publishers

 

Biblical Hermeneutics, Walter C. Kaiser & Moises Silva, 1994, Zondervan Books

 

Millennialism, Charles. L. Feinberg, 1982, Moody Press

 

Justification Before God, W.E. Best, 1992, WEBBMT

 

Still Sovereign, Thomas R. Schreiner & Bruce A. Ware, 2000, Baker Books

 

Things To Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology, J. Dwight Pentecost, 1981, Zondervan Publishing House

 

God Centered Evangelism, R.B. Kuiper, 1978, Banner of Truth Trust

 

Definite Atonement, Gary D. Long, 1977, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing

 

Regeneration and Conversion, W.E. Best, 1975, W.E. Best Book Missionary Trust

 

The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality, Ludwig von Mises, 1981, Libertarian Press

 

The Ethics of Redistribution, Bertrand de Jouvenel, 1990, Liberty Press

 

2 Thessalonians: The Grace New Testament Commentary, Robert N. Wilkin, 2010, Grace Evangelical Society