1 Thess. 1:1 Paul
and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church [royal family] of the Thessalonians [which is] in God the Father and the Lord Jesus
Christ [positional truth]. Grace and prosperity to you.
Thess. 1:2 We always give thanks to God concerning all of you [you are not forgotten], continually making mention of you during
1 Thess. 1:3 While unceasingly remembering your production
[priestly function] from doctrine [application of the truth in your souls] and your labor [ambassadorship function] from the
love complex [virtue love from the filling of the Spirit] and your patient endurance [passing momentum tests] based on confidence
which rests on our Lord Jesus Christ [as opposed to self-confidence] in the face of God, even our Father,
1 Thess. 1:4 Knowing, brethren, that you who were loved in the past and continue
to be loved in the present by God are the election [chosen by God in eternity past and cared for logistically at this very
1 Thess. 1:5 For our gospel [message of good news] did not
come to you in the sphere of word only [mere human philosophy], but also in the sphere of power [divine backing], even in
the Holy Spirit [baptism of the Spirit placed all believers in union with Christ] and accompanied by full assurance [eternal
security], even as you know beyond a shadow of a doubt the kind [quality] of men we showed ourselves to be for your benefit
1 Thess. 1:6 And as for you [new believers], you became imitators
of us [we stayed in Thessalonica as long as we could and taught you Bible doctrine] and of the Lord, having received [positive
volition] the Word [Bible doctrine] while under frequent pressure [persecution] with inner happiness from the Holy Spirit
[pressure caused them to utilize doctrine and grow to maturity],
Thess. 1:7 So that you became a pattern [Christian blueprint] to all those who are believers in Macedonia [northern Greece]
and in Achaia [southern Greece].
1 Thess. 1:8 For from you
the Word of the Lord blasted out like a trumpet in the past and is still sounding forth in the present not only in Macedonia
and Achaia [within Greece], but in every place [outside Greece] your application of doctrine towards God [faith rest] has
gone forth [worldwide evangelism], so that we [Paul’s missionary team] do not have a need to say anything [in many cities
Paul did not have to evangelize because the Thessalonians had gotten there first].
Thess. 1:9 Because they themselves [new converts] continue to report about you: what kind of reception we [Paul, Silas and
Timothy] had in your presence [when we first came to Thessalonica], and how you turned to God from idols for the purpose of
serving as bondslaves to the living and true God,
Thess. 1:10 And to be waiting expectantly for His Son out from the heavens [at the rapture of the Church], Whom He [the Father]
raised out from the dead [resurrection], Jesus, the One Who will deliver us out from the wrath [the Church will not go through
the tribulation] which is coming [imminency of the rapture prior to the tribulation].
1 Thess. 2:1 For you will recall, brethren, our initial visit among you [in
Thessalonica], that it did not prove to be futile [believers did come to Christ],
Thess. 2:2 But having suffered before [beaten and tortured] and having been disgracefully mistreated [imprisoned], as you
know, in Philippi, we [nevertheless] spoke boldly and freely [with courage] in our God when we proclaimed the good news of
God to you [in Thessalonica] while in a state of great conflict [opposition].
Thess. 2:3 For our declaration [of the gospel] did not come from the source of [doctrinal] error nor impure motive [from living
in the cosmic system] nor by means of deceit [treachery],
Thess. 2:4 But since we were tested and approved by God [for blessing] as being faithful with reference to the good news,
in the same manner we keep on speaking, not as pleasing men [emptying the gospel message of its offensive content], but to
God [motivational virtue from love for God in spiritual autonomy], Who ultimately tests and approves the mentality [thinking]
of our souls [for rewards and blessings in eternity].
Thess. 2:5 Indeed, neither at any time did we become a flatterer in word, as you know, nor a pretext for covetousness [using
the gospel as a cover-up to obtain money]. God is witness [to our proper motivation].
1 Thess. 2:6 Nor did we seek glory [special treatment] from men, neither
from you [Thessalonians] nor from others of the same kind [believers in other geographical locations]. When we were able to
be burdensome [financially] on the grounds that we were apostles of Christ [legitimate authority],
1 Thess. 2:7 Instead, we became
innocent and gentle [genuine humility] in your midst, as though [we were] a nursing mother taking care of her own children.
1 Thess. 2:8 So longing to be with you, we took delight in sharing with you
not only the gospel of God [evangelistic message], but also our own souls [the doctrinal content in our thinking], because
you have become dear [close friends] to us.
Thess. 2:9 For you remember, brethren, our travail [mother’s birth pangs] and labor [father’s toil]: night and
day we engaged in manual labor for your benefit [self-supporting missionary team], so that we would not have to financially
burden you [as new believers] whenever we proclaimed the good news of God [Bible doctrine] to you.
1 Thess. 2:10 You are witnesses and so is God, concerning how we conducted
ourselves in a manner pleasing to God [divine viewpoint], both just [with virtue] and blameless [with integrity] towards you
who are believers [execution of the royal family honor code].
1 Thess. 2:11 As you know, like a father with his own children [with authority
orientation], we exhorted [with doctrine] and comforted [with encouragement] every one of you [individually],
1 Thess. 2:12 As well as urging
you to walk [conduct yourselves] in a manner worthy of God [according to divine standards] Who called you into His own royal
power [divine sphere of power] and glory [strategic and tactical victory in the angelic conflict].
1 Thess. 2:13 Moreover, for this cause [to spur your spiritual momentum forward],
we constantly thank God in our prayers, because when you received the Word [Bible doctrine] from us, you welcomed the teaching
as from God [divine origin], not from man [human origin], and not only this but because it is truly the Word [doctrine] of
God which also continues to operate in you who continue to believe [exercise positive volition].
Thess. 2:14 For you, brethren [members of the royal family], became imitators of the assemblies of God which are in Judea
[the first wave of persecution] in Christ Jesus, for you yourselves also suffered similar things from your own countrymen
[conspirators], even as they themselves [the Judeans] suffered from the Jews.
1 Thess. 2:15 Those [Jewish legalistic & criminal element] who murdered
both the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and harshly persecuted us [Paul and his missionary team] to the point of driving us
out [of the region], and are not pleasing to God [cosmic 1: antagonism towards God] and are hostile to all men [cosmic 2:
hating His evangelists],
1 Thess. 2:16 Who have forbidden us from talking to the Gentiles
so that they might be saved, with the result that they [the legalistic Jews] are filling up the cup of their sins at all times
[getting drunk on them over and over again]. But wrath [divine judgment] will come upon them at the end [the Great White Throne
Thess. 2:17 But we, brethren [members of the royal family], although we have been separated from you for a short time [due
to hostile forces in Thessalonica], physically but not mentally [we wanted to stay], we have spared no effort with great enthusiasm
[desire to be with them again] to see you physically all the more [in spite of the hostility].
1 Thess. 2:18 As a matter of fact, we wanted to return face-to-face to you,
even I, Paul, and not just once but twice [we began our journey], but Satan prevented [detained] us.
Thess. 2:19 For what is our hope [seeing friends in heaven] or happiness [receiving our resurrection body] or crown of rejoicing
[victory wreath: a reward for witnessing]? Is it not particularly [especially] you yourselves in the presence of our Lord
Jesus at His return [at the rapture]?
1 Thess. 2:20 As for you [Thessalonian believers], you are
our glory [rewards in eternity] and happiness [blessings in time].
1 Thess. 3:1 For this reason,
when we could no longer endure it [wondering how things were going with you in Thessalonica], we resolved [thought it best
after conferring with each other] to remain in Athens alone,
1 Thess. 3:2 But we sent Timothy
[to you in Thessalonica], our brother [fellow believer] and ministering servant [member of our missionary team] of God in
the gospel of Christ, for the purpose of stabilizing and encouraging you for the sake of your doctrine [you are ready to go
beyond basic Bible teaching],
1 Thess. 3:3 So that no one will be disturbed or upset [if
they have attained spiritual self-esteem] by these outside pressures, for you yourselves know that we [Paul’s missionary
team, as well as all other believers] are appointed for this purpose [suffering is a requirement for spiritual growth].
1 Thess. 3:4 For indeed, when we were with you [in Thessalonica], we warned
you repeatedly in advance that we are destined to suffer [as part of God’s plan to bless us and propel our spiritual
growth], just like what began to occur in the recent past [testing has officially started] and you are continuing to experience
at the present time [the pressure is still on].
1 Thess. 3:5 Because of this
[suffering], when I could no longer endure in silence [wondering how things were with you], I sent [Timothy] for the purpose
of checking out [validating] your faith [whether you were successfully applying the faith rest technique or not], just in
case by some means the one who tempts [Satan] had tempted you [caused you to reside in the cosmic system instead of the filling
of the Spirit] and my labor to the point of exhaustion [teaching you doctrine] turned out to be in vain [wasted effort].
1 Thess. 3:6 But just now [as I’m writing this letter], Timothy has
returned to us [in Corinth] from you [in Thessalonica] and has brought to us the good news concerning your [application of
the] faith rest technique and your [residence and function inside the] love complex, and that you continue to have a good
remembrance of us always, having a desire to see us just as we [have a desire to see] you [reciprocal relationship].
1 Thess. 3:7 Because of this [favorable report on your spiritual progress]
we were encouraged, brethren, by all of your necessary trouble [trials & testing] and outside pressure [suffering through
difficult circumstances], our encouragement due to your application of doctrine [correct use of the faith rest technique],
1 Thess. 3:8 For now we are beginning to come back to life again [living
life more enthusiastically], since you continue to stand firm in the Lord.
Thess. 3:9 For what thanks [sufficient gratitude] are we able to return to God concerning you, for all the inner happiness
which we are pleased to possess because of you in the presence of our God,
1 Thess. 3:10 Praying exceedingly above and beyond, night
and day, that we might see your face [in Thessalonica] and complete those things [advanced teachings] which are lacking with
reference to your doctrinal framework?
1 Thess. 3:11 Now may God
Himself, even our Father, and our Lord Jesus, direct our way [road, journey] to you.
Thess. 3:12 And may the Lord [Holy Spirit] cause you to grow [to supergrace maturity] and superabound [reach ultra-supergrace
status] in the love complex toward one another [fellow believers in Thessalonica] and toward all others [believers in other
geographical locations], just as we [Paul and his missionary team] also [exercise virtue love in the love complex] towards
you [reciprocal relationship],
1 Thess. 3:13 To the end that
He [the Holy Spirit] might complete the stabilization of the mentality of your souls [sanctification salvation] - blameless
[fully sanctified] in the sphere of holiness [glorification salvation] before God [at the Judgment Seat of Christ], even our
Father - before the coming [at the rapture] of our Lord Jesus with all of His saints [the dead in Christ whom He brings with
Him to meet those who are alive].
1 Thess. 4:1 For the rest
then, brethren [members of the royal family], we keep on requesting and exhorting you in the sphere of the Lord Jesus [appealing
to their positional status in Christ], so that just as you received from us how [the method] you ought to walk [precise protocol
for the Church Age believer] and please God [by residence and function in the love complex], even as you are currently walking
[they are on the right track spiritually], that you might abound all the more [grow to supergrace and beyond],
Thess. 4:2 For you already know what instructions [mandates for living the Christian way of life] we gave you through the
Lord Jesus [divine authority].
1 Thess. 4:3 For this continues to be the will of God with
reference to your experiential sanctification: You should abstain from sexual immorality,
Thess. 4:4 Each one of you should understand [learn how] that he is to possess [have sexual relations with] his own [not another
man’s] wife with dedication [fulfill her sexual desires] and honor [recognition of her sexual needs],
1 Thess. 4:5 Not with an uncontrollable urge of sexual lust [sinful rather
than sanctified desire] in the same manner as unbelievers who indeed do not know God,
Thess. 4:6 That no man antagonizes [by flirting or making sexual advances towards another man’s wife] or cheats [by
commiting adultery with another man’s wife] his brother [fellow believer] in this matter [sins of sexual arrogance],
because the Lord is the One who disciplines with reference to all of these things [sexual sins], even as we previously warned
and charged you with a solemn oath [this wasn’t the 1st time Paul had warned them of this category of sins and the resultant
1 Thess. 4:7 For God did not
call us to immorality [sexual impurity], but into the sphere of holiness [sanctification].
1 Thess. 4:8 For this very reason [due to our call to sanctification rather
than immorality], he who continues to reject [ignore] this warning [to avoid sexual sins], is not rejecting man [cosmic 1:
arrogance complex of sins], but God [cosmic 2: hatred complex of sins], Who has given His Holy Spirit to us [divine provision
for spiritual growth].
1 Thess. 4:9 Now, concerning
brotherly love, you have no need for me to write you, for you yourselves have been taught by God to exercise virtue love towards
1 Thess. 4:10 For indeed,
you are doing it [exercising basic impersonal love] toward all the brethren in the whole area of Macedonia. However, we urge
you, brethren, to superabound [exercise advanced impersonal love] all the more [there’s always room for improvement],
Thess. 4:11 And that you consider it a point of honor [aspiration] to live a quiet life [free from turmoil and disturbances]
and mind your own business [respect the privacy of others] and work with your hands [continue your career or vocation], just
as I charged you,
1 Thess. 4:12 In order that you may walk respectably [in your
workplace and community] towards those on the outside [unbelievers] and have need of nothing [financial self-support].
Thess. 4:13 Now, we do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren [members of the royal family of God], concerning those [fellow
believers] who are dying, so that you are not distressed, even as others [unbelievers] who do not have hope [of resurrection
1 Thess. 4:14 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, then in
the same manner [by resurrection], God will bring along with Him [at the rapture] those [believers] who have died with Jesus.
1 Thess. 4:15 For this [doctrine] we communicate to you by the Word of the
Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord [the rapture generation] shall not precede those who have
1 Thess. 4:16 Because the Lord Himself [Jesus Christ] will
descend from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of an archangel [Michael or Gabriel commands the believers who
are alive on earth to receive their resurrection bodies] and with the trumpet of God [God the Father gives those believers
who are already dead their resurrection bodies], and the dead in Christ will rise first [to meet the Lord in the air at the
1 Thess. 4:17 Then we who are living [the rapture generation]
and who remain [on earth] shall be caught up [transported] together [at the same time] with them [the resurrected dead] in
the clouds to a meeting [royal reception] of the Lord in the air [lower atmosphere], and in this manner [in resurrection bodies]
we shall always be together with the Lord [ultimate sanctification throughout eternity].
Thess. 4:18 Therefore keep on encouraging each other with these doctrines [concerning our resurrection bodies and the rapture].
1 Thess. 5:1 But concerning the extended period of time [times of the Gentiles]
and the appointed seasons [Tribulation & Millennium], brethren [members of the royal family], you do not have the need
for me to write to you [you already understand the order of divine dispensations],
Thess. 5:2 For you yourselves know with accuracy that the Day of the Lord [Tribulation & Millennium] will come in the
same manner as a thief in the night [suddenly and without warning after the rapture].
Thess. 5:3 When they [the international community] say, “Peace and safety,” then sudden destruction comes upon
them [peace efforts without God always fail] like the birth-pains of a pregnant woman in labor [periodic suffering and agony
coming at closer and closer intervals]. Moreover, they [those living during the Tribulation] will not by any means escape.
1 Thess. 5:4 But you, brethren [members of the royal family], are not in
the sphere of darkness [seed of the serpent], that this day [the Tribulation] might overtake you like a thief,
1 Thess. 5:5 Because all of you are sons of light [related to Jesus Christ]
and sons of the day [part of the Church Age dispensation]. We [Church Age believers] are not of the night [unbelievers destined
to live during the Tribulation] nor of the darkness [related to Satan].
Thess. 5:6 Therefore, let us not sleep [ignore Bible doctrine] as others [in Thessalonica], but let us be alert [apply Bible
doctrine] and self-controlled [stabilized mentally and emotionally].
Thess. 5:7 For those who are asleep [ignorant of eschatology], sleep at night [continue to be clueless right up to the Rapture],
and those who are drunk [focused on the things of the world], drink at night [go through the Tribulation].
1 Thess. 5:8 But let us who are of the day [Church Age dispensation] be habitually
stabilized [mentally and emotionally], putting on the breastplate of doctrine and virtue love, and for a helmet, the confidence
of deliverance [from the Tribulation],
1 Thess. 5:9 Because God did
not appoint us [Church Age believers] to wrath [in the Tribulation], but to obtain deliverance [at the rapture] through our
Lord Jesus Christ,
1 Thess. 5:10 Who died for us [believers] so that as a result,
whether we are awake [alive during the Rapture] or asleep [dead before the Rapture], we will live together with Him [as the
Bride of Christ at the wedding feast in heaven rather than going through the Tribulation].
Thess. 5:11 Therefore, keep on encouraging [by means of eschatology] one another of the same kind [fellow believers] and continue
to build up [strengthen by means of Bible doctrine] one [pastor or teacher] to another [member of the congregation], just
as you are indeed doing.
1 Thess. 5:12 Moreover, we urge you, brethren [members of
the royal family], to fully appreciate those [pastors & teachers] who diligently labor to the point of exhaustion [studying]
among you and who periodically exercise authority [leadership that cares] over you in the Lord [legitimate delegated authority]
and who teach you on a regular basis [continual doctrinal instruction],
1 Thess. 5:13 And to appreciate
them [pastors & teachers] very highly in virtue love [love complex] because of their work [not their personality]. Live
in peace with one another.
1 Thess. 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren [pastors of the
local churches]: Keep on warning the rebellious ones [those who are rejecting Bible doctrine]; keep on encouraging the emotionally
discouraged ones [those who are hysterial or otherwise out-of-balance]; keep on supporting the weak ones [new believers, babes
in Christ]; keep on being patient with everyone [exercising impersonal love & the faith rest technique].
Thess. 5:15 See to it that no one returns [retaliation] evil for evil [revenge motivation] to anyone, but make it a practice
to pursue good towards each other [fellow believers] and all others [even unbelievers].
Thess. 5:16 Always maintain inner happiness.
Thess. 5:17 Make it a habit to pray on a regular basis.
Thess. 5:18 In all things [situations in life] give thanks [gratitude], because this [being happy, praying and giving thanks]
is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus.
Thess. 5:19 Stop quenching the Spirit [with cosmic II involvement].
Thess. 5:20 Stop treating prophesies [such as the rapture, tribulation, 2nd advent, millennium] with contempt.
1 Thess. 5:21 Test for the purpose of approval [by the absolute standard
of the Word of God] all things [the philosophical and psychological content provided by various communication mediums]; hold
fast to [keep as a prized possession] the good [things which agree with Bible doctrine].
1 Thess. 5:22 Keep yourself free from every form of evil [avoid any type
of activity in Satan’s cosmic system].
Thess. 5:23 Now, may the God of peace Himself sanctify [ultimate sanctification] every part of you [the totality of your being].
As a matter of fact, may your spirit and soul and body be blamelessly maintained [experiential sanctification] until
the coming [rapture] of our Lord Jesus Christ [when ultimate sanctification will occur].
1 Thess. 5:24 Faithful is He [God the Father] Who called you [through positional
sanctification into experiential sanctification], Who will also accomplish it [guaranteed ultimate sanctification].
1 Thess. 5:25 Brethren [members of the royal family], keep on praying for
us [Paul’s missionary team].
Thess. 5:26 Greet all the brethren [fellow believers] with a sanctified [respectful] kiss [shake hands].
1 Thess. 5:27 I solemnly charge you [pastors & teachers] by the authority
of the Lord that you make this letter known publicly [read or teach its contents in detail] to all the brethren.
1 Thess. 5:28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
1 & 2 Thessalonians, Word Biblical Commentary, F.F. Bruce,
1982, Word Books Publisher
on the Epistle to the Thessalonians, Charles John Ellicott, 1957, Zondervan Publishing House
Exploring 1 & 2 Thessalonians, The Expository Commentary, John Phillips, 2005, Kregel Publications
The Hope of Christ’s Return: Premillennial Commentary
on 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Mal Couch, 2001, AMG Publishers
The First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians, Leon Morris, 1975, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
The Epistles of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians, Oliver
B. Greene, 1964, The Gospel Hour Inc.
and 2 Thessalonians, David J. Williams, 1994, Hendrickson Publishers
1 & 2 Thessalonians, Harry A. Ironside, 1997, Loizeaux
Thessalonians, Robert Govett, 1985, Conley & Schoettle Publishing
The Thessalonian Epistles, John F. Walvoord, 1976, Zondervan Publishing House
First and Second Thessalonians, Charles C. Ryrie, 1959, Moody
The Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians,
Charles R. Erdman, 1966, Westminister Press
Pulpit Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, P.J. Gloag, T. Croskery, B.C. Caffin, W.F. Adeney, R. Finlayson, 1962, Wm. B. Eerdmans
Why I Am Not
An Arminian, Robert A. Peterson & Michael D. Williams, 2004, InterVarsity Press
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, A.E. Knoch, 1986, Concordant Publishing Concern
How To Enjoy the Bible, E.W. Bullinger, 1990, Kregel
By His Grace and For His Glory, Thomas J. Nettles, 1986, Baker Book House
Justification Before God, W.E. Best, 1992, WEBBMT
Gifts of the Spirit, Ronald E. Baxter, 1983, Kregel Publications
Still Sovereign, Thomas R. Schreiner & Bruce A. Ware, 2000, Baker Books
Biblical Interpretation and the Church, D.A. Carson, 1984, Thomas Nelson Publishers
1981, Toward An Exegetical Theology: Biblical Exegesis for
Preaching and Teaching, Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., Baker Book House
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, Matthew Henry, 2001, Hendrickson Publishers
Reign of the Servant Kings, Joseph Dillow, 1992, Schoettle Publishing
The Pleasures of God, John Piper, 2000, Multnomah Publishers
The Hermeneutical Spiral, Grant R. Osborne, 1991, InterVarsity Press
Word Pictures in 1 Thessalonians, A.T. Robertson, 1931, Baker Book House
Bible Knowledge Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, Thomas Constable, 1983, Chariot Victor Publishing
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, John Calvin, 2003, Baker Book
The Expositor’s Greek Testament:
1 Thessalonians, W.R. Nicoll, 2002, Hendrickson Publishers
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, R. Jamieson, 2002, Hendrickson Publishers
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians, J. Vernon, McGee, 1983, Thomas Nelson Publishers
Things To Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology, J. Dwight
Pentecost, 1981, Zondervan Publishing House
of the Greek New Testament, Stanley E. Porter, 1994, Sheffield Academic Press
The Millennial Kingdom, John F. Walvoord, 1978, Zondervan Publishing House
The Integrity of God; Christian Suffering; Reversionism; Christian Integrity; Anti-Semitism; The Divine Outline
of History, R.B. Thieme, Jr., 1998
The Savior, and Salvation, Robert P. Lightner, 1991, Thomas Nelson Publishers
Word Studies in Thessalonians, Marvin Vincent, 1946, Charles Scribner’s Sons
Millennialism, Charles. L. Feinberg, 1982, Moody Press
Commentary on 1 Thessalonians: The Abingdom Bible Commentary,
C. McCown, 1957, Doubleday Galilee Books
Sovereignty of Grace, Arthur C. Custance, 1979, Baker Book House
Word Meanings in 1 Thessalonians, Ralph Earle, 1994, Baker Books
Pattern For Maturity, J.Dwight Pentecost, 1966, Moody Press
Once Saved, Always Saved, R.T. Kendall, 1985, Moody Press
Desiring God, John Piper, 1996, Multnomah Books
Dispensational Truth, 1920, Clarence Larkin, Larkin Estate
The Restoration of Israel, Erroll Hulse, 1982, Henry E. Walter LTD
Issues in Dispensationalism, Wesley R. Willis & John R. Master, 1994, Moody Press
New Testament Exegesis, Werner Stenger, 1993, William B. Eerdmans
on Sanctification, Stanley N. Gundry editor, Anthony A. Hoekema, 1987, Zondervan Publishing
Basic Bible Interpretation, Roy B. Zuck, 1991, Victor Books
Using New Testament Greek in Ministry, David Alan Black, 1993, Baker Book House
Eternal Security, Arthur W. Pink, 1981, Baker Book House
The Grace New Testament Commentary, Robert N. Wilkin, 2010, Grace Evangelical Society